Causes Of Refugees In Rwanda

Good Essays
. It was to be said that each person would be issued an identity card stating what member of what tribe they are a part of. The ethnicity of an individual person was based off of the ethnicity of what their father was (Magnarella 26). This process of giving out identification cards was seen as extremely negative in the eyes of the citizens of Rwanda. A couple decades later in 1959, the pro-Hutu party launched a revolt that resulted in the bloody ethnic clashes (Magnarella 26). The results of the attacks left more than a thousand Tutsis dead and a little more than a hundred thousand Tutsis that fled Rwanda becoming refugees. A few years later in 1962, the country of Rwanda had become independent. The Tutsi refugees in Burundi tried to launch …show more content…
The main motive of this group was to return to Rwanda. Between the years 1990 through 1993, the Rwandan Patriotic Front carried out a number of assaults into Rwanda attempting to seize the power. However, the attempts had deemed to be unsuccessful and resulted in the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people (Magnella 28). The retaliation as a result of the attempted attacks were detrimental, as approximently two-thousand Tutsis were killed by the Hutus. However, despite the retaliation, the Hutus eventually caved to the pressure of Europe forcing them to allowed for the political parties of Rwanda. The agreements stated that the Hutus must share power with the Tutsis and allow the return of the refugees, and the allowing of Tutsis to join the armed forces (Magnella 28). The signing of the agreement left many people in the Hutus dissatisfied as they would most likely lose their privileged positions in the government. Shortly after this event, the plane carrying the current president of Rwanda was shot down by what was believed to be extremist of the Hutus. The shooting down of the plane is what ignited the beginning of the end stages of the Rwandan genocide. The Hutus had begun setting up roadblocks searching each individual that passed by looking at their identification card seeing if they were a member of the …show more content…
Looking at the Rwandan genocide, it was truly the most deadliest event to take place in human history. It is important to study a real life case of genocide in order to get a better understanding of genocide. In addition, the information that was provided on the Rwandan genocide presented some of the stages of genocide. As it is already known, genocide takes a great deal of time to unfold and eventually take place. It could be said that back in the 1930s is when the classification stage of genocide took place, as that is when the Hutus and Tutsis were divided based off of their ethnicities. The preparation phase could be linked to when the president was shot down by Hutu extremist causing other Hutus to believe it was the RPF that shot down the plane. By doing that, that really is what got people going as they believed the propaganda and lies the Hutus were saying about the Tutsis. The persecution phase of genocide came shortly after the shooting down of the plane as they began searching for Tutsis and looking over everyone identification card who passed through the area. Lastly, the extermination phase was the hundred day long period where the Hutus murdered close to a million of the Tutsis

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Rwanda Conflict

    • 1022 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Being the majority, the Hutu grew envious of this. They believed that they should have been the ones to rule Rwanda and to have higher social standings. A previous uprising against the Tutsi government had already failed, fueling the fire between the two. The shooting of the plane that President Habyarimana was on on April 6, 1994 was the catalyst that started the slaughter fest. One of the main mysteries of the Rwandan Genocide is who shot the plane.…

    • 1022 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Rwanda Genocide Analysis

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The Rwanda genocide was an ethnic issue that created a lot of social tension with Rwanda. The Tutsi people were brought out because of their own rebel group who had to fight off with the Hutu people (eventually becoming victors of that war). The aftermath of the Rwanda Genocide was disastrous, and they lacked adequate food and clean water. Outside the capital, whole families and communities had been destroyed. Livestock had been killed and crops laid to waste.…

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Rwanda Genocide

    • 1215 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Another genocide that took place and managed to kill one million people in one hundred days was the Rwandan Genocide. The Rwandan Genocide took place in 1994. It was a was a war between two very similar ethnic groups, the Hutu and Tutsi people. The Hutu had hatred towards the Tutsi for many reasons and when they had the opportunity to come into power they did. People do not notice that genocides occur all over the world, for…

    • 1215 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Tribal Rwanda Genocide

    • 1195 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Between the dates of April 6 and July 1994, nearly one million citizens of Rwanda’s seven million population were massacred in an effort to exterminate Rwanda’s Tutsi population (Klinghoffer 3). Neighbors killed neighbors. Torture, rape, looting, and exile ensued. People who had been living together for decades, sharing the same language, culture, and religion became enemies. The violence was genocide-- a deliberate, systematic annihilation of Rwanda’s racially-defined Tutsi group (Straus 1).…

    • 1195 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Rwanda Genocide Causes

    • 1038 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Thousands of Tutsi were killed, and many other fled their homes. On July 1, 1962, Rwanda gained its independence from Belgium. This allowed the Hutu to take…

    • 1038 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Hutus and the Tutsis, two ethnic groups that were created by the Europeans after seizing control of the country, faced an ongoing rivalry. After the assassination of their President, a Hutu group by the name of Interhamwe began arming young thugs, killing Tutsi people. By the time the country was taken under rebel army leader Paul Kagame, nearly 800 000 people had perished,…

    • 1019 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    From 1959 to 1961, riots were all throughout Rwanda. During this time tens of thousands of Tutsis were killed and if they were so lucky to get away they would flee to the surrounding countries. Under the Belgian rule, the first election was held in 1960 with an outcome of a sovereign Republic of Rwanda. A council was formed with a majority of Hutu extremist. This led to the riots against the Tutsis to continue the Hutu extremist stripped Tutsis from their government positions and their…

    • 1323 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Hintjens compares the Rwandan genocide of the Jews in Nazi Germany since it was a planned out mass killing of a hated minority. The genocide organized by both private and public sectors, which ensure “its subsequent implementation through the participation of most Rwandan people” that preceded the mistreatment of Tutsi (Hintjens, 244). The mass killing was throughout in a “strong sense of secrecy and false air of normality served to disarm many victims of this genocide (Hintjens, 245) making it hard for the victims to actually see what awaited. When the genocide began many Rwandans were taken by surprise, including the international community. Tutsi denies the fact that their Hutu acquaintance would one day turn against them due to their tribal history.…

    • 1200 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    faced with RPF success on the battlefield and at the negotiating table, these few power holders changed the strategy of ethnic division into genocide. They believed that the extermination campaign would reinstate the credibility of the Hutu under their leadership and help them win the war, or at least improve their chances of negotiating a favorable peace. They took control of the state and used its authority to carry out the massacre. in about three weeks after april 6 1994, 800,000 men and women were killed, which could be as many as three quarters of the Tutsi population. Thousand of the Hutu were killed as well due to the opposition of the rebellious Tutsi and the people directing it.…

    • 1641 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Essay On Rwanda Genocide

    • 1149 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The failure of the UN to act upon the reports of genocide in Rwanda caused an innumerable amounts of killing and anarchy. The problems started with the Belgium’s discrimination between the two populations. Going as far as to hire scientists to prove the Tutsi superiority, they only enabled the already present racism between the two groups. Then the Hutu population decided to act. After the president was shot down, supposedly by Hutu extremists, the anarchy began.…

    • 1149 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays