Rwanda Genocide Gender Roles

1934 Words 8 Pages
INTRODUCTION The post-genocide period in Rwanda was filled with trauma, instability and wreckage that manifested in physical, emotional, and psychological form. Although, this tragedy offered Rwanda an opportunity to transition and reform, one Rwandan women benefited from. After the genocide, there was a stark and astounding increase in the number of women in Rwanda’s new government. Currently, Rwanda is the number one country in the world with the largest percentage of female politicians in its parliament. How did Rwanda go from political instability to being the number one country in regarding to gender representation? To explore this idea, I will review Rwanda’s history leading up to the genocide. After, I will focus in on the political …show more content…
Prowley touches on how the genocide impacted women and how this impact factored into the shift in gender perceptions. The author writes that women were victims of sexual assault and survivors witnessed the loss in their families and communities. They lost their homes and property. During the aftermath, women made up about 70 percent of Rwanda’s population, which left them in positions as leaders of households and the community in order to survive. The author notes that this shift in gender roles coincided with a shift in societal mentality and suggests holding these leadership positions allowed gave women confidence for they saw themselves differently, which ultimately surged women politically and in the women’s movement. This reality worked in tangent with the fact that immediately after the genocide, women were the majority by a significant margin during a crucial period of political transition and demonstrated their ability to lead effectively. Therefore, there was an increased effort to include more women in …show more content…
Efforts to increase gender representation were priorities during the process political reformation. Women were involved in the the drafting process of the 2003 Constitution. Additionally, with the help of a quota system, innovative electoral structures, and shift in gender perception, the new Rwandan government was comprised of approximately 50 percent of female politicians, ranking Rwanda as the number one country in the world with the largest number of women in government. While this achievement is an amazing feat for Rwanda, there remains room for

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