Rural Crisis Essay

1359 Words 6 Pages
China’s Rural Crisis: The Fall of Power The Qing dynasty ended in 1912 with a revolution; however, it had been declining for more than a century before it falls. Corruptions within the empire, population growth combined with food shortages, and the social unrest between the ethnic majority Han and the ruling Machus all contributed to Qing’s downfall. However, despite all of these internal issues, it was external pressures that caused the eventual collapse of the Qing society. Foreign imperialism showed China’s backwardness to its citizens and, in terms, heightened the already existed conflicts within China. It directly challenged the cultural nexus of power, which held China together for more than hundreds of years. This system combined the …show more content…
These different aspects interwoven and provided a structure that guided the Chinese in the reproduction of state’s ideologies. However, their interdependence means if one part of the system failed, the domino effect will cause the entire soft form of powers to go down with it. This is what triggered China’s rural crisis in the early twentieth century. The urban transformations caused the collapse of standard marketing community, which affected the entire system. It nullified the trans-regional market model and grounded peasants to their lands. It has a profound consequences as it allowed the later communist party to block other avenues for peasants to appeal to. China’s rural crisis left the farmers in destitute as the moral economy and the cultural nexus of power break down, which sets up …show more content…
The fall of civil examination turned literati to modern intellectual. They rejected the old Confucian humanism for it no longer inspire the moralism that the government needed to represent, and turned to Western countries to model China 's development. The ideas of new nationalism quickly developed into a movement for political activism, urging people to voice their opinions. The country was divided between the politically active liberal nationalist who tried to help build a modern nation with pragmatic governance and students who were highly inspired by the Russian revolution and the communist ideas. Many of the latter students came from bougie families, but ended up joining the communists because they believed in its principles. Peasants from the countryside also took a part in the revolution, hoping to change their impoverished state. In a way, China’s rural crisis paved the way for communist expansion in China and the later state

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