Rousseau's Concept Of Equality In The Civil Society

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Has one ever conjectured what the conception of perfection can lead to? Is excellence or improvement a negative feature that is responsible for the ills of the society? A philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rousseau expressed his comprehension of perfection as a negative aspect is an ill in his essay named, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality. Rousseau comes to show that excellence tended to create a society that promotes inequality. As the society progressed towards improvement it creates greater tensions among the society. Hence, perfection is what created civil society, but it can produce more harm than benefits. Overall, in this paper I will strongly argue the notion of Rousseau’s explanation of improvement, inequality, perfectibility is an ill, …show more content…
The formation of civil society had created competition among men that is negative. Overall, in the state of nature there is greater empathy of savage men. Empathy present in the state of nature allowed for some resistance towards wrongful acts. For example, Rousseau noted, “pity is what will prevent…savage from robbing a weak child or an infirm old man” (38). Hence, savage men in the state of living based on Rousseau is perceived as better conditions of life because it is a simple life. His understanding of civil society comes to express that separates men. Also, the presence of government allowed for stronger power to rise over oppressed men (Rousseau 17). Ills of the society started to formulate when the differences among one another caused disparity. Hence, allowed ones to be placed into distinct categories. For example, “the first man who made clothing or a dwelling for himself was giving himself things that were hardly necessary” (Rousseau 24). Thus, he explained that in the state of nature there was no sign of possessions, however, by owning items like cloths or house it created segregation and the strive to surpass everyone. Rousseau explains that the strive of improvement is negative because it resulted man to be dependent from one another. Excellence is an ill of society because it shifts the concerns of life because the ones that never thought …show more content…
The desire of to live life in harmony and without consequences is vital for Rousseau. The fear that Rousseau expressed is the movement away from equality of life. The transition from equality to the process of inequality came from the ideas of men that shifted from the state of nature to civil society. There are two diverse types of inequality present that are responsible for the ills of the society. Rousseau proclaimed that, “one, which I call natural or physical, because it is established by nature, and consists in a difference of age, health, bodily strength, and the qualities of the mind or of the soul” (16). The notion of natural inequality steps towards the creation of differences. Within civilized society men attempt to achieve to be the finest of the finest. For example, natural inequality comes from a natural state and if a baby is born with a missing arm, that baby will be discriminated against because that baby does not appear like the rest of the civil society. Alternativity, if baby is born with a mental illness it will likewise be othered in civil society due to competition. The second reason that Rousseau argued is named, “moral or political inequality, because it depends on a kind of convention, and is established, or at least authorised by the consent of men” (16). For example, the consequences of an baby being born and raised into a poor family. The family

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