Rousseau 's The Social Contract Essay

1334 Words Apr 5th, 2016 null Page
Rousseau’s, The Social Contract, describes his theory on how to establish a successful society with the problems that are commonly faced in a commercial society. He also aims to determine if, in a civil society, whether freedom is possible or not. Rousseau opens his book by stating, “Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains” (1), meaning, that although man is born free in terms of nature, society places holds, or chains, on citizens, restraining them from their natural freedom and behavior, with rules and regulations. Although we would all worship to be free, Rousseau questions whether it is possible to have the freedom we desire when we also require a government. Without laws and government, individuals would be more interested in pursuing their own individual will rather than a general will, what would be good for the society as a whole. Therefore, certain precautions must be taken in order to form a governing association. These precautions also include fundamental problems that individuals will encounter in the process, such as finding a balance in power, confusion between the government and the sovereign…
First, let us discuss the different forms of government; Democracy, Aristocracy and Monarchy, in addition to their pros and cons. The author says that the larger the population of a society, the fewer magistrates there should be. Rousseau begins by describing a democracy. He says that this type of government is best suited for small states with a small…

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