Rousseau And The French Revolution

1177 Words 5 Pages
The French revolution started because the citizens wanted more freedoms and rights. The idea of the new government came from the Enlightenment philosophers. Locke was one of the many he rejected monarchy also he believed that government should be selected by and follow the will of the majority, which was a fundamental assertion of the Revolution. Montesquieu introduced the idea of separation of powers in government (from The Spirit of the Law). Where Montesquieu had understood freedom as being unconstrained and unimpeded in doing what one chooses to do so long as it is lawful, Rousseau defined freedom as ruling oneself, living only under a law which one has oneself enacted In Rousseau 's conception of a constitution, the nation became sovereign …show more content…
Freedom, both personal and political, is self-rule: being obedient only to rules made by all citizens for the benefit of all citizens. Such freedom, expressed negatively, is one of not being subject to the will of others and not being subject to one 's selfish passions. Equality is the right of each citizen to participate in politics as a moral agent, that is, to have self-rule utilizing the general will. The American revolution was pretty much the same to the French, but it way less tries to get it to work the. The American bill of right is built on the ideas of most of the enlightenment philosophers. The founding fathers took the ideas and molded them into a government that worked, and they did a good job if it 's still working today so you 'll have to thank Locke who gave the idea for everyone should have a vote. Montesquieu can be credited to the multiple and complex American government with all the branches and checks and balances. We also have Wollstonecraft, which said that women should have rights and be just as equal as men, but that didn 't come into reality in until the early …show more content…
It starts with a financial crisis then a failed government which left a power void that was claimed by Robespierre and his dictatorship and him having Louis the XVI (16th) publicly executed. He was later arrested and executed. Before he was arrested, he was selectively murdering people around France and killing the counter-revolutionaryist. He is then the safety commission was taken over by the great general Napoleon due to the power void. He was running a monarchy he goes on to rule for some years. He then finally gets replaced with a government that works with a few adjustments. The American revolution was just a bunch of guerrilla style warfare alongside the traditional style. The Americans knew they could not win against the British with conventional style of war throughout the entire revolution. The breaking point for the American was heavy taxation without haveing a say anything; because the seven-year war, it 's where the taxes were being applied. For instance the sugar act 1764, the stamp act 1765, the quartering act 1765, and the most common one the tea act 1773. With this came the revolutionary war which is pretty boring if you compare it to the French but the Americans had much bigger battles than the French, and I 'm talking the citizens fighting the government not like the French fending off two other countries. Some of the major battles of the war were the Battle of Lexington, which was the first battle of the

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