Rosa Parks And The Civil Rights Movement

Superior Essays
“History shows that all protest movements rely on symbols - boycotts, strikes, sit-ins, flags, songs. Symbolic action on whatever scale - from the Montgomery Bus Boycott to wearing a simple wristband - is designed to disrupt our everyday complacency and force people to think”(Hugh Evans). In the 1960’s African Americans took a stand against unequal laws due to racism. This stand was known as The Civil Rights Movement. After the Civil War African Americans were free to live a gracious life equal to any whites. They later found out that the laws had been altered to purposely promote racism in their towns and cities, preventing them from attending the same schools, hospitals, restaurants, bathrooms, and several other public places as a white man. …show more content…
He constantly was involved in protests and sit-ins and gave his famous I Have A Dream speech in Washington DC. This speech changed civil rights forever, and is well known today in America. Rosa Parks was a famous activist who also altered African American Civil Rights forever. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery. She then was arrested, ultimately starting the boycott. On December 5, 1955 African Americans stopped using the Montgomery bus system in protest. This lasted until December 20, 1956, a full year later. This protest helped change African American lives forever, helping them gain rights and become equal to every American in the country. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a successful protest because of the inspirational words said by Martin Luther King Jr, help from whites that supported African Americans, and the documents of writing that impacted the decisions made by the mayor of …show more content…
On May 24, 1954 a letter was delivered to city hall and read by mayor W. Gayle from Jo Ann Robinson. The letter informed the mayor of an upcoming protest on all city bus systems. As stated by Jo Ann Robinson, “Mayor Gayle, three-fourths of the riders of these public conveyances are Negroes. If Negroes did not patronize them, they could not possibly operate”(Document B). The quote from the letter shows that the boycott caused many difficulties in the bus system in Montgomery. Due to most of the riders being African American buses weren’t receiving nearly as much money as they used to, making this a big dilemma for the mayor. Since this letter had been sent over a year before the boycott begun Gayle had completely ignored the demands made by Jo Ann Robinson in the letter, which ultimately caused the business controversy in Montgomery. On June 5, 1956 the federal court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment, proving that the Montgomery Bus Boycott had finally succeeded. Therefore, that is why the fallout of the bus systems impacted the decisions made by the mayor, which led to the success of the bus

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    With Martin Luther King’s help, the strike finally ended on April 12th, 1968 and the city of Memphis agreed to the workers’ demands. Another one of King’s achievements includes the Montgomery Bus Boycott. In 1955, King led a boycott against city buses that refused to let blacks sit in the front seats of the bus. The protest gained followers rapidly and it led to a citywide boycott of the system until the rules were changed. After King and his followers were sent to jail, the boycott did succeed and the unfair, racist law allowing the segregation to continue was terminated.…

    • 2475 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    For example, because of Martins boycotts, marches and protests for equal rights among all people, no matter what colour, the Congress made it illegal treat people differently because of their skin colour. Martin was unhappy of how the rules in many states made it hard for blacks to register and vote for the president. So, Martin went to Washington, D.C to talk about a voting right bill with the current president, Lyndon Johnson. Lyndon Johnson told Martin that the bill will probably not pass and to wait. During January 1965, he and other activists started a protest for the voting right in Selma, Alabama.…

    • 864 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    On the first day of the boycott, ninety-five percent of all blacks refused to take the bus that day. They all just gathered near the bus stops and waited for rides. While all this was happening that day Rosa Parks was in court (Armistad). Because of all this, the city had some tough decisions ahead of them with what to do with all the black people and what the people will do instead of the bus. The black community came up with ideas of how to solve their problem on transportation in the city that they live…

    • 726 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    He eventually also orchestrated some of the biggest protests as he got older. There were many protests in the 50’s, 60’s and in the 70’s.King had help lead some of the most revolutionary protests and rallies ever recorded. The Montgomery Bus Boycott occurred in 1955 and lasted all the way until 1956. The protest was against the public transit system in Montgomery, Alabama after Rosa Parks had been arrested for not moving out of her seat for a white passenger. This boycott of the transit and it caused a massive decrease in profit.…

    • 1202 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Bus Boycott occurred in Montgomery, Alabama in 1955 and lasted 381 days. During the boycott African Americans refused to use city buses until the became unsegregated, instead they walked, or carpooled with other blacks who owned cars. The boycott all started after Rosa Parks refused to give up her in the black section of the bus to a white man because all the seating for white people was full. Parks was promptly arrested, and this sparked outrage across the African American community in the city. In response they came up with the boycott.…

    • 919 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    When they all refused to leave the area, he and thirty-six of the students were arrested. Charges were dropped by Atlanta’s mayor when he realized that the incident would damage the city’s reputation. Shortly after, King would be arrested again for violating his probation with a traffic conviction. He was treated so harsh when receiving the violation that his wife, Coretta Scott King, received a personal phone call from the Democratic Presidential Candidate John F. Kennedy. Around the spring in 1963, King, along with the SCLC started “Project C,” which was a series of sit-ins and marches protesting…

    • 716 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Dbq On Rosa Parks

    • 1554 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Her mother knew of the police violent nature, especially towards African Americans. Pettinger states that Four days later, on Monday December 5 was the day of Rosa Parks’ trial (Pettinger). Reed tells how “The black people of Montgomery and sympathizers of other races organized and announced a boycott of the city bus line” (Reed 279). They boycotting was about to begin. “We are asking every negro to stay of the buses” (Pettinger).…

    • 1554 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Betty Friedan Equality

    • 2149 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Then in 1954, there were two major court trials, Smith vs. Albright and Brown vs. Board of Education. The latter case, Brown vs. Board of Education was influential in the beginning of integration of public schools. The case ruled that states could not have separate schools for white and black children. The next year in 1955, the famous Montgomery Bus Boycott began, after Rosa Parks was arrested, following her refusal to give up her seat for a white passenger. The Montgomery Bus Boycott lasted for over a year, as members of the African American community banded together to protest the treatment that they often received on public transportation, always being told to move, or being put in the worst seats in a vehicle.…

    • 2149 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Fast- forward to December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks was seated in the Caucasian section of the bus which was the front and the back section of the bus was for African Americans. Rosa parks refused to give up her seat to a man and she was arrested. “Rosa Park’s Civil disobedience and arrest changed the focus of the movement from solely relying on the courts to gain equality to rejecting and protesting their treatment in segregated states” (Wiley, 2016, Para 1) The African American community led by Luther King Jr and Montgomery improvement association boycotted the bus company for 382 days; therefore, bus companies took a big loss. The city did not give in to Mr. Kings and the Montgomery association’s demands. But the MIA filed a law suit and the federal court declared segregation laws unconstitutional and made illegal.…

    • 1189 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    E. B. Du Bois, the editor of its monthly journal, who used it to publicize the plights of black people and organization efforts, spearheaded the NAACP. The NAACP preached racial unity and sought complete integration in American society. In a moment of civil disobedience, Rosa Parks, a black woman, refused to give up her seat on the bus to a standing white man. Parks was eventually arrested and ejected from the bus but also, unknowingly set forth waves in Montgomery, Alabama 's black community.…

    • 1512 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays