Romanticism: The Theory Of Realism In American Literature

Good Essays
In general, realism can be defined as the aspect of tending to lean towards being factual and practical on matters of life by representing things, actions, or social circumstances in point of fact, without presenting them in their conceptual form and neither without the influence of feelings or other artistic ideas. However, in order to clearly define or discuss the major distinguishing features of realism, it is best to discuss it under different viewpoints so as to get an extensive description of what this theory of realism in American literature is all about.

The theory of realism emphasizes on objectivity and being indifferent, along with unemotional social criticism. By critically referring to minute details and being concerned with petty, insignificant issues. Therefore, through use of literature, realism refers to the attempt of a writer to portray human actions and environment precisely as it appears in every day life. In reaction to romanticism, realists claimed that precise documentation, sociological approach and vernacular diction were the basis of literal realism. The subject matter was sourced from everyday life, and in this case, the people in lower-class life were considered. After the Civil War,
…show more content…
The works of Daniel Defoe and Henry fielding are some of the earliest cases of realism in English writing, dating back to the 18th century. Through the schools, types and modes of literature, realism can be described as the conformity to accurate literary depiction of real and everyday life without any form of idealization. Through this genre of realism, individuals were just perceived as real people, as opposed to other genres such as romanticism which described an individual as a god and naturalism which perceived a person as a helpless object.

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Impressionism came about much in the same that Realism did and served as a reaction to Realism. This movement sought to exaggerate the good qualities of life and focused on movement rather than accuracy. In literature, this movement revealed itself by moving away from plot focused novels and instead put the emotions and mental development of the characters front and center. Realism provided a backdrop for these writings. Impressionism wanted to turn a mirror onto itself and analyze the conventions of Literary Realism.…

    • 1105 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Romanticism had a big part in creating the realism movement because people wanted to stop looking at the ideal lifestyle and focus more in the present. In the article “Realism” (2012) it says, “Realistic literature examined the everyday occurrences in the lives of ordinary people and focused on the minute details of everyday life presented in a matter-of-fact way.” Realist were no longer focused on the romantic views of a hero. Along with focusing on ordinary people, other strategies such as the events are predictable during that time period. According to Campbell (2015), the realist focused on telling only the truth of society, and creating their characters to represent people in real life no matter if they jeopardize the plot. With the different types of writing, realism introduced people to read the literature and understand the changes in…

    • 1225 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Broadly defined as ‘the faithful representation of reality’ or ‘verisimilitude’, realism is a literary technique practised by many schools of writing. Although strictly speaking, realism is a technique, it also denotes a particular kind of subject matter, especially the representation of middle class life. In arts and literature, realism may be defined as an attempt to represent life truthfully and also avoiding all such literary techniques which make life seem implausible, exotic, and extraordinary. The term originated in the nineteenth century, and was used to describe the works of Gustave Courbet and a group of painters who rejected idealization and focussed on representing everyday real life. Realism was a reaction against Romanticism - a movement which had influenced European literature and arts since the late eighteenth century.…

    • 1298 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Regardless of the possibility that psychoanalysis is not a target framework that one can use to play specialist with the abstract content, it is in reality a method of pondering and deciphering parts of life. Psychoanalytic literary criticism satisfies the same undertaking, in spite of the fact that it constrains its enclosure of examination of texts, a term that incorporates numerous structures. Analysts—a term that here portrays professionals in both fields—offer what Eugenia DeLamotte recognize as ‘the essential activity of the Gothic protagonist’, ‘interpretation’ (DeLamotte, 24).…

    • 264 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    During the 19th and 20th centuries in America, literature evolved into new styles as writers began the formation of a distinct American style. Two opposing styles that developed during this time were realism and naturalism. As these styles took shape, American authors discussed the elements and effect of each in a series of commentaries and essays, including Frank Norris’ “Zola as Romantic Writer”. In “Zola as a Romantic writer”, Norris criticizes the style of the realistic writer, and in doing so, crafts a succinct definition of realism. According to Norris, realism is a literary style that mainly features ordinary people, focuses on minute details of daily life, and revolves around minor conflicts that resolve themselves quickly, a definition…

    • 995 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    With their picture that of scholars generally diverse however they are similar in this nature of "realism", one's starting reservation should most likely be that the term itself needs assist clarification, if it is simply to utilize it without the capability of characterizing the normal for the novel may some way or another convey the harmful proposal that every single past author and abstract structures sought after the unreal. For instance, Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe; he may in Robinson Crusoe, have perfected an impression of realism by adapting the Puritan self-confession narrates to suit the mode of a fictional moral tract, but he would in no sense have seen fiction as superior to, or distinct from, his essays in instructive biography. Likewise, the fundamental basic relationship of the expression "realism" is with the French school of Realists. "Réalisme" was initially utilized as a tasteful portrayal in 1835 to signify the 'vérité humaine' of Rembrandt instead of the 'idéalité poétique' of neo-classical painting; it was later blessed as a particularly abstract term by the establishment in…

    • 894 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Realism is the authentic portrayal of life that tries to bend language as close to the human experience without being painted over by romanticism or super natural elements. In the story, “The Real Thing” by Henry James, there are three distinct ways James draws us a truthful depiction of the human experience by incorporating relatable characters, common elements, and challenging our perceptions through art itself. In “The Real Thing” James questions previous writer’s notions of our perception by looking at how our own world is shaped through the brush strokes of an Artist. In this story the Artist is only referred to as an Artist and given no other name, because society is only concerned with what the artist makes and not what the Artist…

    • 754 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Transcendentalism is an idea that came about in roughly 1836 in the middle of the Romantic Era. Transcendentalism is a philosophy that centers itself around one’s own intuitions rather than later teachings. Since Transcendentalism is a subset of American Romanticism, it encouraged people to think on their own and individualize themselves. Transcendentalists believed in experiencing the world for what it was and learning through experience. They also believed that society interfered with one’s true understanding of the world and they encouraged people to think independently because that was when they were at their best.…

    • 1327 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Literature has gone from oral tradition, to journal entries, and finally, to pure fiction tales all while still conveying the morals of their respective times. These morals are demonstrated through the social, economic, and religious points presented by the American writers, also known as the romantics, transcendentalists, and dark romantics, and the slaves of the nineteenth…

    • 1460 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Through his use of language, imagery, and the Harm Principle, Mill argues for individualism in a stagnant society. Originally, Mill’s essay On Liberty appears wordy and full of repetition; however, it is this use of repetition which aids in proving his point of individualism. As a cautious writer, Mill explores not only his argument about society’s control over an individual, but also the counterargument.…

    • 953 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays