Civil Engineering In Rome

Decent Essays
Civil Engineering in Rome
Engineering was a profession in Rome, and almost all of the things that were engineered would today fall under the category of civil engineering. They constructed many things throughout their time as an empire. With such an extensive empire, they had to make sure they could take care of the people in their empire. The roads ensured that they could get military personnel throughout the empire as quickly as possible. Aqueducts brought much needed water to big cities were springs would not be enough, allowing for cities to grow even bigger. Finally bridges allowed them to access parts of the world that would be harder if not for that.
Roads
“All roads lead to Rome” a phrase that everyone knows, but its meaning is not
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Before Rome, the Greeks had a network of roads to the remote provinces, but it was not nearly as sophisticated or large as the roman roads. The Greeks preferred travel by sea to travel over land, at every opportunity instead of going over land they would sail on the Mediterranean. Also, as Mark Cartwright explains, travel was extremely expensive. One would have to hire a carriage or horse if one did not own one themselves, because the roads were not as easy for traveling as roman roads (Cartwright). The first proper road was constructed in 312 BC during Semite wars to provide fast and reliable communications between Rome and Capua, this later became the Appian Way, a road that is well known today. The route was a straight, direct and well drained 122 mile course. Once that road was done and it worked so well, route networks began to expand in every direction, from Rome of course, thus the “all roads lead to Rome” phrase. Throughout the empire, fifty thousand miles of Roman roads were built, and all the road networks started from Rome
Construction of Roman Roads
The actual process of building the roads was also quite sophisticated.
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In times of drought, water was shut off to the baths, then the wealthy, and then the general public. They accomplished this by having the distribution pipes for entertainment above the pipes to the wealthy above the pipes to the public. So when the water level dropped, the water would not be high enough to go to the other channels. Most other areas of the world at that time did not have a system of water distribution, and having clean water was not always a concern. However, the Romans were able to bring clean water into towns from long distances. This water was used for public baths and toilets as well as drinking. This improvement of daily life made the citizens of these new provinces more accepting of Roman control

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