Roman Architecture Analysis

Improved Essays
Roman were advanced civilization where their architecture had benefited everyone resulting to be pleased with what they have and showed us these people were very intelligent on constructing monuments. The three architectural pieces that defined Rome was the colosseum, aqueducts and bridges, and bathrooms because they were both aesthetically and as an engineering feat. The colosseum is the most iconic Rome architecture where our modern society know about this building being associated with Italy. The purpose of the colosseum was to perform plays and used it as fighting arena for warriors which indicate aesthetic value this Roman architectural has. The colosseum was capable of filling the entire population of Rome where everyone can enjoy amusement …show more content…
The text exemplifies the Colosseum’s engineering feature where the structure has the capacity fitting an entire civilization. Romans were first civilization to harness clean water and able to keep supply amount for everyone this was all accomplished by aqueducts and bridges. Romans created arches to create stability for the aqueducts and bridges where the water will be transfer properly and clean to the civilization. According to Penelope J.E Davies’s Janson’s History of Art, “architects built a massive bridge stretching 2,666 feet long and up to 98 feet high to span a valley. One hundred and eighteen arches support the water channel, superimposed in two registers at highest point.” (Davies et al. 214). The text illustrates aesthetic and engineered values of the aqueducts and bridges where having the technology to transfer from place to place is a scientific breakthrough. The final Roman architecture that made their society ahead of other civilizations is the Baths of Caracalla. The Romans were able to keep themselves hygienic where they are clean from bacteria by using the functions of Baths of Caracalla. According to Mark Cartwright’s Roman Architecture, “Roman baths display the typical Roman ability for creating breath-taking interior space using arches, domes, vaults, and …show more content…
The materials used for Etruscan temples was mud brick and wood while Greek temples used marble because marble was limited to the Etruscans indicating the Romans had the architectural improvement on their buildings.The decoration that Etruscans used for their temples was terracotta which help the cella and roof to prevent environmental disasters from harming their architecture. According to Penelope J.E Davies’s Janson’s History of Art, “The terracotta tile roof hung well over the walls in wide eaves, to protect mud bricks from rain, and terra-cotta revetments sheathed the beams.” (Davies et al. 175). The text exemplifies the reason behind the Etruscan temples being divided into three different parts in order for terracotta balance the architecture. The decorations of Temple of Portunus is contrasting than Etruscan temples where the Romans used the columns to portray their architecture. According to Penelope J.E Davies’s Janson’s History of Art, “the Ionic columns have the slender proportions of Classical Greek temples, and a white marble stucco covering their travertine and tufa shafts, bases, and capitals deliberately evoked the translucent marbles of Greek architecture.” (Davies et al. 185). The text illustrates what kind style was used to construct the Temple of Portunus and establishing their work on decorations. The purpose

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Rome had a positive lasting legacy on societies within their continent and across the seas. The United States was majorly influenced by Rome’s innovative ideas. The government structure is solely based off of the Roman Empire’s government. It uses similar systems and roles of the people to shape the US and keep everyone in order. The tools Romans developed to help in construction really helped builders today all over the world.…

    • 1063 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Roman Bath Houses

    • 1441 Words
    • 6 Pages

    This amenity became a prime example of the advancements of Roman engineering. Located throughout the empire, the baths were a testament to the advancements in water transport and heating. The baths also reflect the development of a unique roman art style through the development of intricate mosaics and statues that decorated the buildings. Finally, the baths acted as a way of improving emperor to citizen relations, expose the nature of slave to citizen relations and illustrate the differences in social standards for men and women. The baths are a symbol of Roman success and the order of roman…

    • 1441 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    It establish a motif of aesthetic and practicality throughout Roman architecture (Cunliffe 87). The rooms also reveal the complex network established by Romans. Due to the high demand of water for major cities, Roman baths made use of water from aqueducts to create a luxurious environment. Baths were so large in size that aqueducts were set up to supply the baths with not only water, but heat. Romans utilized Greek techniques and enhanced them.…

    • 1395 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    HIST 1421: GREEK AND ROMAN CIVILIZATION Written Assignment Unit 7 Introduction Romans are considered to be the great architects and civil engineers. They used science and advanced technology to make their innovations come to life and revolutions history. Among some of those innovations were the arch and concrete. These two items were so revolutionary to the Romans that they became part every piece of Roman architecture in some way. In this essay, we will talk about these innovations and how important they were to Roman architecture.…

    • 700 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    And how the Roman architecture did influence the modern day structures. First, the aqueducts symbol of excellence, and hygiene of the Romans. Developed in 312 B.C. the aqueducts supplied the whole Roman empire with water for everyday use. This invention made the Rome feel the security of Rome for water.…

    • 453 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Peter’s basilica are the contributions from ancient Rome. In ancient Rome, the use of arches, vaults, and domes were very popular among architecture. The dome of St. Peter’s basilica is the highest dome in the world, passing the dome of the Pantheon (Mark 142). It is believed that Michelangelo used the pantheon’s dome as an upper limit for the construction of his dome for the basilica (142). The fact that modern architects would refer back to some of the most important buildings in ancient Rome to create their work, demonstrates how they payed attention to the details on architecture in the classical period.…

    • 752 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    What’s more, intelligent Roman invented other engineering wonders, which amazed modern people greatly. The most famous one should be Colosseum, located in Italy. Colosseum was mainly made of concrete, which was also invented by ancient Roman. By mixing seawater, calcium lime and pozzolana (a kind of volcanic ash) in a special ratio, the concrete was invented (Silva, Wenk and Monteiro, 2005). This kind of material has helped Colosseum to stand about two thousand years, resisting various climate environments and the intrusion of seawater.…

    • 934 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One of the most notable advancements was the invention of the aqueduct, which made many more inventions possible. An aqueduct moves water using gravity and a downward gradient made of stone or concrete. This invention made it possible to move water from coastal locations to inland houses. The first aqueduct was constructed in Rome’s cattle market and quickly was implemented in many other areas. In addition to the invention of the aqueduct, the romans also discovered cement, which was commonly used in the aqueducts.…

    • 789 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There are so many wonderful things the Romans invented or were innovative with, such as creating a welfare system, newspapers, calendars, the practice of military medicine and surgeries, and laws, but their architecture is some of the most beautiful of ancient times. The Romans invented concrete and cement and the Colosseum and Roman Forum are still around today because of this development. This allowed them to also build the aqueducts which allowed the Romans to bring fresh water to the heart of their city. They were dependent on fresh drinking water. Building the aqueducts allowed this to happen.…

    • 244 Words
    • 1 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ancient Roman Technology

    • 724 Words
    • 3 Pages

    One of the primary reasons that Romans were so successful in engineering was they were the first to use concrete. Roman concrete was created from a mixture of brick and rock pieces, lime, water, silica, and alumina. Roman concrete was the building blocks of almost all Roman structures. The concrete allowed these structures to last for centuries. Namely, the Colosseum.…

    • 724 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays

Related Topics