Roman Architecture Analysis

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Roman were advanced civilization where their architecture had benefited everyone resulting to be pleased with what they have and showed us these people were very intelligent on constructing monuments. The three architectural pieces that defined Rome was the colosseum, aqueducts and bridges, and bathrooms because they were both aesthetically and as an engineering feat. The colosseum is the most iconic Rome architecture where our modern society know about this building being associated with Italy. The purpose of the colosseum was to perform plays and used it as fighting arena for warriors which indicate aesthetic value this Roman architectural has. The colosseum was capable of filling the entire population of Rome where everyone can enjoy amusement …show more content…
The text exemplifies the Colosseum’s engineering feature where the structure has the capacity fitting an entire civilization. Romans were first civilization to harness clean water and able to keep supply amount for everyone this was all accomplished by aqueducts and bridges. Romans created arches to create stability for the aqueducts and bridges where the water will be transfer properly and clean to the civilization. According to Penelope J.E Davies’s Janson’s History of Art, “architects built a massive bridge stretching 2,666 feet long and up to 98 feet high to span a valley. One hundred and eighteen arches support the water channel, superimposed in two registers at highest point.” (Davies et al. 214). The text illustrates aesthetic and engineered values of the aqueducts and bridges where having the technology to transfer from place to place is a scientific breakthrough. The final Roman architecture that made their society ahead of other civilizations is the Baths of Caracalla. The Romans were able to keep themselves hygienic where they are clean from bacteria by using the functions of Baths of Caracalla. According to Mark Cartwright’s Roman Architecture, “Roman baths display the typical Roman ability for creating breath-taking interior space using arches, domes, vaults, and …show more content…
The materials used for Etruscan temples was mud brick and wood while Greek temples used marble because marble was limited to the Etruscans indicating the Romans had the architectural improvement on their buildings.The decoration that Etruscans used for their temples was terracotta which help the cella and roof to prevent environmental disasters from harming their architecture. According to Penelope J.E Davies’s Janson’s History of Art, “The terracotta tile roof hung well over the walls in wide eaves, to protect mud bricks from rain, and terra-cotta revetments sheathed the beams.” (Davies et al. 175). The text exemplifies the reason behind the Etruscan temples being divided into three different parts in order for terracotta balance the architecture. The decorations of Temple of Portunus is contrasting than Etruscan temples where the Romans used the columns to portray their architecture. According to Penelope J.E Davies’s Janson’s History of Art, “the Ionic columns have the slender proportions of Classical Greek temples, and a white marble stucco covering their travertine and tufa shafts, bases, and capitals deliberately evoked the translucent marbles of Greek architecture.” (Davies et al. 185). The text illustrates what kind style was used to construct the Temple of Portunus and establishing their work on decorations. The purpose

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