Role Of The Supreme Court Model

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At the top of our federal court system stands the United States Supreme Court. It stands as the ultimate authority in constitutional
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Appellate jurisdiction is the most important. It is the power to hear appeals of cases decided in lower federal courts and state supreme courts. Under appellate jurisdiction, the Court may hear cases arising under the Constitution, federal law, or treaty; those in with the United States itself is a party; cases between two or more states; cases between a state and individuals or foreign countries and cases between citizens of the same state if they are disputing ownership of land given by different states. Roughly two-thirds of the totals are requests for review of decisions of federal appellate or district courts. Cases arising under the Constitution are clearly the most important because the Court issues its most far reaching constitutional decisions and other major rulings involving federal …show more content…
Madison (1803), the Court interpreted its own authority, ruling that the Constitution gave it the power to strike down unconstitutional acts of government. Chief Justice Marshall argued that where a federal law is inconsistent with the Constitution, the Court must uphold the supremacy of the Constitution by declaring the law unconstitutional and refusing to enforce it. This decision created the power of judicial review. It is both prevailing and controversial as it allows the Supreme Court to have the ultimate word on the meaning of the Constitution and enables them to invalidate both federal and state laws when they conflict with Constitutional interpretation. Judicial review is an essential component in the American system of checks and balances, a system that is intended to safeguard Americans from government abuses of power. It places the Supreme Court in a pivotal role in the American political system, making it the referee in disputes among various branches of government, and as the ultimate authority for many of the most important issues in the country. The Court’s constitutional decisions, therefore, have affected virtually every area of American life. The Court does not review all cases. Nearly all cases brought to the Court are under its discretionary jurisdiction so that it can choose whether or not to hear them mandatory cases. Therefore, the Court has the capacity to set its own agenda. Cases come to the court in the form of petitions for writ of

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