Proactive Policing

Decent Essays
Policing in a Contemporary Society
Introduction
Many changes have occurred during the 1970s. “A “new” style of policing was introduced, with the intention of rebuilding the principles of policing by consent.” (Goff, 2017, p. 190). There are three types of policing: reactive, preventative and proactive. Proactive policing was introduced to encourage police officers to be more engaged to better control crime. Proactive Policing is the practice of deterring crime, reducing disorder, and reducing citizens fear of crime. To simplify it, proactive policing is the action that happens before a crime is committed (Swan, n.d.). It argues that the police are too concerned about their organized structure instead of figuring how to focusing on the problems
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The five steps of the model are: Scanning- police rely on several different sources to identify and prioritize potential problems associated with crime and disorder in a community. Analysis- identifying and analyzing relevant data to learn more about the problem. Response- select one or more responses based on the results from the Analysis conducted in the previous step to implement them. Assessment- evaluating whether the responses were implemented in a way that was consistent with the Response plan, and whether the responses achieved their intended effects. (Crime Solutions, n.d.). Many police agencies use this approach of policing. For example, the RCMP utilizes this in their CAPRA model to assess risk and apply necessary intervention to ensure public safety. Even though many agencies use this model there are beliefs that critique it. The main critique against the model is a phenomenon called crime displacement. By this idea, problem-oriented policing is too focused on a specific area and are not ready if the same crime will just relocate to another area. If the crime will relocate the whole SARA process idea must be restarted. (Guerette, …show more content…
The idea is to include the community in policing so that there will be understating and cooperation between the two. The community includes everyone; businessman, teachers, residents, etc. Community policing believes in organizational change so that police officers will be encouraged to be active in the community and to make sure that the organization is more flexible to solve problems. The change must happen in the organizations structure, culture, and management approach (Goff, 2017, p. 195). The reason for this kind of change is that so the organization will not be so centralized about crime solving and will not develop the traditional idea of us against them. The organization has to be participative, flexible and cooperative towards the community.
An example for an agency that uses community policing is the Vancouver Police Department. The department has many Community Policing Centres where the people of Vancouver can go and make crime preventive programs, talk about events and much more. It gives a change to the community to get involved with the police and the police gets to know the community better to help them fix their problems. Another service the department provides is programs for the youth to keep them active and encourage good

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