Role Of Leadership In Industrial Psychology

713 Words 3 Pages
PSYC 301
Professor: Matthew Lauritsen, MS
Juan Zheng
Leadership in Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Introduction
Leadership is an essential part of industrial and organizational psychology. In organizational management, leadership plays an important role in the success or failure of an organization’s activities. The significance of leadership in organizational management has attracted a lot of interest from industrial and organizational psychologists, who are dedicated to providing guidelines and theories that will ensure the best outcomes for the leadership role. This paper will provide an in-depth analysis of leadership and its major related theories. The paper will also review various empirical studies of leadership and
leadership
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Although the theory was popular during the 1930’s and 1940’s, it became very difficult to measure the qualities of leaders since relevant fields of measuring personality such as psychometrics and personality trait measurements were not well developed and thus were unreliable.
The second important theories of leadership are the behavioral theories. The theories were developed to offer a new perspective following the shortcomings of the Trait
Theory. The behavioral theories focus on the actions of leaders. In this case, with the right behaviors, any individual can be a leader. According to the theories, leaders’ behaviors are divided into two groups: behaviors related to tasks and behaviors related to people. In other words, the behaviors that people exhibit when undertaking tasks or when dealing with other people are important in determining if they have the right leadership qualities. According to the theories, there are three types of leaders, which include autocratic leaders, democratic leaders, and laissez-faire leaders. Autocratic leaders are those that do not seek the opinion of their subordinates when making decisions. The democratic leaders refer to those
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The theory advocates the creation of good working relationships between leaders and their subordinates that lead to trust, and therefore motivation for both the leaders and the followers to perform well in their roles.
Review of Studies
The theories of leadership discussed above form a basis upon which many studies have been undertaken on various areas of leadership practice in organizational management. For instance, in a study by Ghasabeh, Reaiche, and Soosay, the authors investigate the emerging role of transformational leadership. The authors argue that the rapid changes in the business world are redefining the role of leadership. Such changes have led to increased demands for leaders to adapt and make critical decisions that can ensure the competitiveness of the organizations in a highly competitive business world. The study concludes that transformational leadership is very relevant to the current business world.
Organizations should therefore put more emphasis on encouraging such leadership to ensure that they remain competitive and relevant in their areas of

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