With Reference to Two or More Examples Discuss the Role of Dramatic Text in Performance
The role of dramatic text in performance is not a question that has a simple, straightforward answer. A dramatic text is a text that has been written for it to be delivered by some form of media, for example theatre, film or television. A performance text on the other hand is a version of the dramatic text, which is what ultimately gets performed. Therefore, to put it simply, a performance text is a version of a dramatic text that has been annotated and altered for the actual performance. This complicates the role of dramatic text, as there can be various different performance texts just for one dramatic text. Therefore you have to question,
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In 1603, when Hamlet would have first been performed, there was a much more significant focus on the text itself in the performance, purely because the audience were hearing the story about the Prince of Denmark for the first time. This is unlike today where Hamlet is now known as ‘one of the few literary heroes who live apart from the text ... his name means something to those who have never seen or read Shakespeare’s play’ (Kott, 58). Robert Wilson’s reworking of the text of Hamlet is a great example of how he took a text with many characters and a lot of depth and turned it into a one man show, Hamlet: a monologue, in which he acted, directed and designed. Despite this being a play in which the visual and aesthetic elements play an important part and there being a change in the delivery because of it being a one-man show, ‘it’s worth remarking that the entire text of Hamlet: a monologue is drawn from Shakespeare’s play’ (Lavender, 173). This highlights how Shakespeare’s text is still of huge significance in this performance. This is also the case in other productions as well, for example Nicholas Hytner’s production of Hamlet at the National Theatre in 2010 very much revolved around the text. Whether the text is used in its full content or just as a stimulus, it is the text, which is the driving force behind the performance and essentially it is this, which the audience recognises and will come to hear.
When Shakespeare wrote