Role of Agricultural Extension Delivery in Poverty Eliminatioin in Nigeria

2557 Words Dec 8th, 2015 11 Pages
Farmer friendly Agricultural Policy that achieves food security, eradicates poverty, develops the rural economy and protects the environment (FMARD, 2000). The objectives and strategies to achieve them as spelt out in the policy documents emphasize the importance of agricultural extension to the goal attainment of the agricultural sector. To achieve increased production and improved processing in all the sub-sectors of agriculture (crop, livestock, and fisheries), improvement of quality of life and promotion of environment friendly practices and other objectives require extension effort.
The new policy thrust expanded the broad objective according to FMARD (2000) to include;
Promoting farmer-friendly agricultural policy that achieves
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Needs of different clientele categories, gender, resource ownership, vulnerability will be taken into consideration. In essence, farmers’ problems will dictate extension agenda and local resources will be utilized.
2.3 Extension Approach and Functions
Extension needs to go beyond technology transfer to developing skills and knowledge of farm families for sustainable agriculture and rural development. There should be paradigm shift from the Training and Visit (T&V) which involves technology transfer and emphasizes individual contact to more participatory approach. There will be the need to adopt group approach to ensure effective use of limited resources; personnel, time and fund. The approach will ensure participation, ownership, inclusion and empowerment. More farmers will be reached and all gender categories could be catered for through participatory community planning (PCP).
Variety of extension methods will need to be used. Selection and use of appropriate methods in order to meet specific extension objectives with various categories of farmers will be necessary. They include
(a) individual farm and home visits for follow up,
(b) group methods: demonstrations to farmers groups, field days,
(c) Mass Media to create awareness and reach large population at a time,
(d) Farmers Trainings, and
(e) Participatory methods in which extension staff work with farmers to analyze current situations and problems and determine appropriate action

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