Role Of A School Counselor History Essay

1562 Words Oct 31st, 2016 7 Pages
Role of a school counselor
History
Beginning our journey, let us explain that the education field, which is closely related to that one of school counseling, has undergone and is still going through several reforms within the last decades. In fact, because the nation feared that the US was falling behind academically and the Nation at Risk Act was initiated, school counselors were sought to be “sociopolitical instruments to achieve national goals” (Erford 2011 as cited in Reiner, S., & Hernández, T. J., 2012). A clear example of their immense responsibilities in the 1950’s, according to the NDEA, was to identify students talented in mathematics and sciences to launch the nation to the moon (as cited in Reiner, S., & Hernández, T. J., 2012). Baker stated that their role was significant enough that the NDEA (National Defense Education Act) provided tax-exempt funding for the preparation of to these individuals (as cited in Reiner, S., & Hernández, T. J., 2012). However, Gardner argued that even if not explicitly stipulated within the Nation at Risk Act, school counselors were still being held accountable for some educational responsibilities (as cited in Reiner, S., & Hernández, T. J., 2012). In spite of this fact, ASCA (American Association of School Counselors) decided to develop the national standards for school counselors in 1994. These standards are linked to content standards and are written in a concrete and measurable manner; for example: “(a) A school…

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