Essay on Role Of A Phonological Awareness On Reading Development

1538 Words Oct 31st, 2016 7 Pages
a. The Role of a Phonological Awareness in Reading Development Phonology is one of the most important components of a language. It is called building blocks of a language, and individuals must be able to access its phonology to learn the language. Phonology means the rules of sounds in the spoken language or the rules of hand movements in the sign language (Paul & Whitelaw, 2011). Phonology is fundamental for the development of reading skills. Acquiring phonology can lead to raising up comprehension, language structures and vocabulary knowledge (Paul, Wang, & Williams, 2013). The rest of this section is discussing the role of phonological awareness with three major frameworks.
1. Simple View of Reading According to SVR, reading (R) is product of decoding (D) and comprehension (C) (R = D x C) (Gough & Tunmer, 1986). Gough and Tunmer (1986) define skilled decoder as “the reader who can read isolated words quickly, accurately, and silently” (p. 7) and advocate that decoding or word recognition is a skill that inevitably based on the letter-sound knowledge. Comprehension in this view does not refer to reading comprehension instead listening or linguistic comprehension. Hoover and Gough (1990) highlight that SVR has two consisted components – decoding and linguistic comprehension- and both are necessary for skilled reading. With the synthesis of several studies, they found a correlational relationship with decoding and linguistic comprehension to reading comprehension, and…

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