Rohingya In Medieval Period

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History and Antiquities of Rohingya in Medieval Period: A Sociological Study
Rohingyas are the ethnic muslim minority group, inhabited in Myanmar (initially known as Burma) for more than a decade and are commonly known as the most “persecuted nation” (Ferguson, 2015) in the world history. Though there are many controversies about their origin and from the very ancient time they are being acted as stranger in their own residence. That is why an anthropologist Christina Fina uses the term Rohingya not as an ethnic identifier but as a political one (http://flotilla2arkan.com, 2016). The term Rohingya came to light before the arrival of British Raj in the south eastern part of the Asian Continent. From the beginning, their life illustrates with
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Indeed, it was independent up to eighteenth century due to its geographical placement. Though, the word Rohingya is apparently a modern term which derives from Rooinga and Rwangya. Rohingya may come from Rakhanga or Roshanga that has been used for the state of Arakan and generally mean “inhabitant of Rohang”, historically signifies the early Muslim name for the Arakan (Leider, 2012). Though Andrew Tan disagreed with the statement and said that the word comes from Arabic word Rahim which speculates the early muslim as “God blessed people” (Tan, 2009). Besides, they have a distinct dialect in all over the Myanmar and Arakan as well and it is commonly known as Rohingya or Ruaingga. Basically they are the inhabitant of western coastal arena of Rakhine (previously known as Arakan). Again, in the medieval works of the poets of Arakan and Chittagong, like Quazi Daulat, Mardan, Shamser Ali, Quraishi Magan, Alaol, Ainuddin, Abdul Ghani and others, they frequently referred to Arakan as ‘Roshang’, ‘Roshanga’ (Alam, 2007). Although, Rohingya or Arakan both are Arabic in name. It is said that Arakan is also a Persian word and this name has been used from the time immemorial given by the early Arab traders or Arakanese king when Persian was used as the official language of Arakan and it has been proved by a coin minted by Sultan Bahadur Shah (1557-58) where in the reverse side of the coin the specific word Arakan has been observed. Instead of all these historical records there are many myths regarding the history of Rakhain relating the Rohingyas as Rooang originated from the word Rakhaine and later on Rooang deformed into Rohingya. Therefore, history demonstrates Rakhain (previously known as Arakan) as Rakka pura which denotes the land of Rakkash (man eating monster), they could turn into woman and after that they would marry to men. Moreover, it was prevailed

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