Robotic Surgery Research

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Table of Contents
Introduction 3
History of Robotics Surgery 4
Applications of Robotic Surgery in the recent years: 5
General Surgery: 5
Cardiothoracic surgery: 5
Cardiology: 5
Colon and Rectal Surgery: 6
Gastroinestinal surgery: 6
Gynecology: 6
Neurosurgery: 6
Pediatrics: 6
Literature Review 6
Disadvantages of Robotic surgery 9
Time 9
Cost 9
References 10

Introduction

What is Robotics????
It is a branch of engineering (mechanical, electrical and computer science) that deals with construction, operation, design and application of robots.
What is Robotics Surgery????
It is a method to carryout surgery using very small tools attached to a robotic arm. The surgeon controls the robotic arm with a computer.
Why Robotic surgery is developed???
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(2014) has worked on applying robotic surgery in various types of gynecologic cancers. The main objective of this work is to compare the different types of surgical outcomes like robotic surgery, laparoscopy and laparotomy for managing endometrial cancer. Overall 365 patients has been treated, the outcome of this treatments showed there is a significant lower blood loss and 24-h pain score with robotic surgery when compared to the other surgical types. The robotic and laparoscopic surgeries were connected with minimized operation time when compared with laparotomy. They have concluded that robotic surgery has given favorable short-term outcomes when compared to other two approaches and suggested that robotic surgery will be a reasonable tool for endometrial cancer …show more content…
Due to this long time, the patient is under anesthesia for longer and its cost more to organise the staff.
Cost
In the early days, the robotic systems were very expensive. Even though the equipment cost is reducing but the total cost of the treatment is high.
Many people believe that the cost will rise due to the improvements in technology will become more complicated.

Efficiency and Compatibility

Another disadvantage is the large size of the system in an overcrowded-operating room. The robotic arms are awkward and bulky and there are many instruments needed in the small space. For robotic-assisted beating heart surgery, the space is even smaller because stabilizers are needed. For surgeons, this cramped area can interfere with their dexterity.
There are two possible suggestions for improving this problem, however both are costly. Some suggest miniaturizing the robotic arms and instruments while others believe that larger operating rooms are needed. With either solution, robotics is an especially expensive new

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