“The RCOG (2001) National Sentinel Caesarean Section Audit reposted that the overall caesarean section rate was 21.5% (England and Wales) accounting for approximately 120,000 births per-year” (Marshall and Raynor, 2014). A caesarean section is an operation to deliver a baby through the lower part of the abdomen. An elective caesarean section means it’s a planned delivery in advance, before the onset of labour begins. An elective caesarean section has become a popular choice of birth, and the number of caesarean section births in the UK are on the rise “the caesarean rate has increased by 0.7 per cent to 26.2 per cent (166,081) in 2013-14. Elective caesareans has risen by (2.5 per cent)” (NCT, 2014). Elective caesareans are normally
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It is also associated with higher birth rates off successful breastfeeding and a more positive birth experience” (dhsspnni, 2010). Furthermore, normal vaginal births has less risks involved and a lower recovery time. Which is best for both mother and baby; and helps build a strong bond, reducing the chance of acquiring post-natal depression. Some of the risks of an elective caesarean can include: infections to the wound, womb lining, womb pain, abnormal vaginal discharge or potential heavy bleeding, thrombosis in the legs, which can be dangerous if the clot breaks off and lodges in the lungs, damage to the bladder or ureter. The risks to the unborn baby can have some serious complications, although most are very rare, but can include: injury to the nerves, potential bleed inside the skull, breathing difficulties. All these risks are discussed with the expectant mother at consultation. (NHS choices, 2015) other than the risks, having an elective caesarean section will normally mean longer recovery time, longer hospital stay and initially a more intense delivery, whereas having a normal vaginal birth, can theoretically mean a longer birth but quicker recovery time and potentially leave the hospital with baby the same day or the next day.
Needless to say, many expectant mothers, would choose to have an elective caesarean due to anxiety reasons. This could be: to avoid unnecessary traumas, a fear of lack of control while