What Are The Causes And Consequences Of Preventing Childhood Obesity

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It is very apparent that children are more overweight and obese in the present than in the past. Childhood obesity has doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years (Childhood obesity causes & consequences) Along with the physical change, there are many health risk that can be involved when a child is obese. Immediate health issues include the risk factors for cardiovascular disease, more likely to have pre diabetes, and are greater risk of having bone joint problems (Childhood obesity causes & consequences). In the long run the obese children will become obese adults, therefore more at risk for adult health problems such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke and several types of cancer (Childhood obesity causes …show more content…
During pregnancy, it is important for the mother to remain active and control food consumption to lower the risks of obesity in their child (Tennant). Tennant explains that the mother can do so by accumulating a minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity a day, not overeating, and making sure to consume appropriate amounts of nutrients (Tennant). Which also means to not always eat for “two”. Children are also more at risk to be obese, when the mother smokes during pregnancy. Other factors are the mother’s blood sugar levels and amount weight gain during pregnancy. It is suggested that the food choices a mother makes during pregnancy may determine the infant’s later acceptance of solid foods (Savage). Many flavors in the maternal diet appear to be present in amniotic fluid, which is a fluid that surrounds the fetus. Because the fetus regularly swallows this amniotic fluid, the first experiences with flavor is prior to birth. Essentially the mother’s diet can influence the acceptance of certain foods for the child. Which in the long run can influence the weight of their child and how healthy he or she …show more content…
It is recommended that breastfeeding is done for the first six months of life (Savage). Breast milk supports normal growth and provides early protection from infections; it is found that breastfeeding is associated with reducing the risks of obesity (Savage). Many flavors of the mother’s diet appear in the breast milk. Savage argues that flavors in the milk can influence infant consumption and acceptance and enjoyment of certain foods (Savage). For instance, if a mother regularly ate celery during pregnancy and breastfeeding, the child may be more accepting to eat celery than if he or she were being formula fed. This kind of findings are consistent with the view that breastfeeding can more easily facilitate the acceptance of solid foods (Savage). From birth, infants are more accepting to sweet, fruity flavors rather than bitter and sour. Foods such as fruit juices and yogurt are more accepted than vegetables that may seem to taste bitter. Although children may reject certain foods, it can take up to sixteen times before acceptance occurs (Savage). (Include the information from survey that relates to breastfeeding and weight). During the first years of life it is important for babies to receive plenty sleep. According to Harvard School of Public Health, babies who sleep less than 12 hours a day had twice the odds of being overweight by

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