Risk Factors Of Diabetes Mellitus

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Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is a disease that affects all kinds of people. Whether it is children or adults, young or old. The type of diabetes determines the risk factors, signs and symptoms or any kind of complications. Diabetes type one is classified as "juvenile-onset" or "insulin-dependent" diabetes. What this type of diabetes does is the immune system destroys cells that release insulin, eliminating the production of insulin in the body. Without insulin, cells can 't absorb the sugar in the body, which is used to make energy. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is classified as "adult-onset" or "non-insulin dependent diabetes. This type of diabetes can develop at every age. The body isn’t able to make use of the insulin that is currently
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While risk factors for diabetes include family history, being overweight, eating an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, high blood pressure, ethnicity, impaired glucose tolerance, poor nutrition during pregnancy. Having a poor diet during pregnancy can lead to gestational diabetes mellitus. The difference between these two types of diabetes is that type one diabetics can 't prevent the onset of diabetes, while type two diabetes can be prevented in most cases. These risk factors differ almost entirely, but are similar in risk for developing major complications such as blindness and kidney failure. It may also develop more serious risk factors such as heart disease, stroke, and foot or leg amputations. (Foundation, …show more content…
In HHNS, blood sugar levels rise, and the body attempts to get rid of the excess sugar by urination. Its signs and symptoms include excessive urination, followed by scant dark urine. As this syndrome continues it will develop severe dehydration. Warning signs of this syndrome include high blood sugar, dry parched mouth, extreme thirst, warm dry skin, high fever, sleepiness or confusion, loss of vision, hallucinations, and weakness on one side of the body. (Association, 2005-2014) Diabetic ketoacidosis is a condition that can easily turn into a diabetic coma, or even death. DKA occurs when the cells don’t get the glucose they need, they begin to burn fat in your body for energy, producing ketones. Ketones are acids that build up in the bloodstream and can appear in urine when your body doesn’t have enough insulin. This is developed in patients with type one diabetes, and is rare in people with type 2. The warning signs for DKA are Thirst or a very dry mouth, frequent urination, high blood sugar and high level of ketones in the urine. There are other symptoms that could appear, such as feeling constantly tired, difficulty breathing, fruity odor on breath, hard time paying attention or confusion, dry flushed skin, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain. (Association, 2005-2014) Diabetic

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