Risk Factors Of Childhood Obesity

768 Words 4 Pages
In recent years, health has become a prominent topic around the world. Health as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being of an individual that does not include the absence of disease or infirmity. Physical well-being is represented as being physically healthy and ability to complete day to day activities without difficulty. Complete mental well-being, should be defined as knowing from being morally right and wrong. Finally complete social well-being is represented as being able to communicate and interact with other individuals. As of late, the focus of health has shifted to lifestyle diseases such as obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer. In the past the idea …show more content…
In a study done by Bertsias et al. (2003), concluded that both men and women that had a BMI greater than 25 showed to have significantly higher values of CVD risk factors (Bertsias 2003). The best way to prevent obesity is through an intervention plan that is focused on children. Research done by Freeman et al (2001) had found that childhood obesity is carried out through adulthood. The researchers had found that of overweight or obese children, 77% of them remained obese throughout adulthood (Freeman 2001). Obesity for children as defined by Barlow et al. (1998) is having a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children of the same age and sex. According to Barlow’s summary report, the obesity prevalence in children has increased from approximately 17% in 2003 to 2004. This increase in the prevalence of childhood obesity can become a major problem in the future if these kids remain obese as adults. The most effective way to fight obesity in children is through weight loss that focuses on a proper diet and increasing daily physical …show more content…
The afterschool intervention program would be opened to all children, but the target population of the program would be low income African American children that are overweight or obese and are currently attending primary school. The targeted population for the intervention is obese African American kids, because according to a study done by, Ogden et al. 2014 on the prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, during the time span of 2011-2012 the researchers had found that non-hispanic blacks had the highest rates of obesity prevalence compared to other races such as non-hispanic asians, non-hispanic whites, and hispanic individuals (Ogden 2014). The program will also have kids from around the Boston area engage in vigorous physical activity for at least 60-90 minutes a day three to five times a week, while showing them how to properly diet and encourage healthier eating habits. In order to develop a proper intervention that will have the highest rate of success for weight loss it is important to look at the health behavior model that will be used for assisting the intervention

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