Risk Factors Of Breast Cancer

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Breast cancer can be generally described as a malignant tumor in breast cells. There are two types of breast cancer. It can either being to form in the milk-producing glands, lobules, or in the ducts of that carry milk to the nipple. Cancer that forms in the lobules is lobular carcinoma while cancer that develops in the milk ducts is ductal carcinoma. The lobules and ducts of the breast are spread throughout the adipose and fibrous tissue that make up the majority of the mass of the breast. The cancer can spread if the breast cells move to other parts of the body through lymph or blood vessels. About 12% of women in the United States, or 1 in every 8, will develop breast cancer in their life. It was estimated that in this year alone, there …show more content…
However, there are many risk factor can lead to it. The cause is sometimes so uncertain that women with many risk factors don’t develop the cancer and women with less risk factors end up developing breast cancer. These lifestyle and genetic risk factors include: family history, genetics, drinking alcohol, obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity, age, gender, and race. It has been proven that if a relative has been diagnosed then you have a higher risk of also being diagnosed in the future. That risk increases if your relative was diagnosed before they were 50. Over 80% of female breast cancer happens in women after menopause. Alcohol consumption, poor diet, and lack of physical activity are all lifestyle risk factors that increase the risk of developing breast cancer. All of these factors produce signs and symptoms that help detect breast cancer. For example, any nipple discharge, whether it be clear bloody, should get quickly examined by a healthcare professional. Also, any change in the appearance of the nipple can also be a sign of breast cancer. The appearance changes can include change in size or shape of breast, swelling or shrinkage of the breast, lumps or reddish nipple. Moreover, a change in the feeling of the nipple like tenderness, lumps and thickening should also raise concern. Generally, breast cancer begins to develop when normal breast cells grow into cancerous cells. They change as a consequence of mutations or changes in their DNA. Some mutations are inherited which makes family history a big risk factor. However, some of those DNA mutations are developed in breast cells during the lifetime of a woman instead of having it been inherited. Moreover, research has consistently shown that alcohol increases levels of estrogen and other hormones related to the hormone receptor positive breast cancer since alcohol damages DNA in cells. Although there isn’t a specific prevention of breast cancer,

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