Risk Factors In The LGBT Community

2250 Words 9 Pages
In this essay, it will be looking into the world of the LGBT community and what that means for people 's experiences involving and surrounding crime and victimisation, and statistics on LGBT crime starting with, "Almost half (48 per cent) of all lesbian, gay and bisexual people have been the victim of some type of crime or incident in the last three years." (TGBCS, 2013). It will also look at types of risk factors that are experienced in the LGBT community, to which tends to have an impact on certain types of crimes experienced against them. "Even though there is an increasing acceptance of LGBTI people in society and greater visibility in the media and public life, many LGBTI people still experience discrimination, harassment and violence …show more content…
The theory holds that "if a person is given a negative description, it affects their present situation and future behaviour". (Tshiwula and Tshivula, 1998). This can be seen in the statistics shown by the Gay British crime survey as youths who are targeted because of their sexuality, was shown to have thought about suicide because of the bullying. "The stresses experienced by LGBT youth also put them at greater risk for depression, substance use, and sexual behaviors that place them at risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). For example, HIV infection among young men who have sex with men aged 13‒24 years increased by 26% over 2008‒2011. (CDC, 2014)." This can also be applied to earlier with people who have HIV who are very much stereotyped for having the disease leading to a much higher rate of depression and suicide if there isn 't strong relationships in a family or friendship group to help support someone. Even more so labelling theory can linked to any situation regarding criminal victimisation and LGBT community as in any situation; workplace, sports team, school, university and family life. A high number of criminal victimisation against them is due to their sexuality, meant in a deliberate way or as a joke, it …show more content…
The rise in numbers of HIV and also become a target for offenders and can be explained using rational choice theory as media coverage grows and grows it becomes more of an issue to people to become prejudiced against it and find reason to offend and be violence to people with the disease. "Benill (1992) argues that increased media exposure of gay men and lesbian women (due largely to the HIV/AIDS epidemic), produces an environment in which "such coverage, along with growing political activism within the gay community ... may have simultaneously increased acceptance and exposed gay men and lesbians to greater risk of violence""(Benill,1992, cited in, Tewksbury et al,

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