Gastrointestinal Cancer

Great Essays
Every year 4,000 to 5,000 adults in the U.S are diagnosed with a Gastrointestinal tumor (Cancer.Net, 2014). Gastrointestinal cancer refers to cancers that typically affect the digestive system; this incorporates cancers of the oesophagus, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, small intestine, bowel, and anus (GI Cancer Institute, 2012). Gastrointestinal cancers can be located in the upper digestive or lower digestive tract (Wikimedia Foundation, 2015). Specifically, cancers in the upper digestive tract include: esophageal, stomach, pancreatic, liver, gallbladder. Colon cancer is a type of Gastrointestinal cancer found in the lower part of the digestive system, as well as anal and colorectal cancer (Wikimedia Foundation, 2015). Colon cancer …show more content…
The first is Stage 0; this is where there are abnormal cells found in the lining of the colon (MD Anderson, n.d.). Second is Stage I, where the cancer is formed and has spread into the different layers of the rectal wall (MD Anderson, n.d.). In Stage II the cancer has spread into outside the rectal walls and into nearby tissues (MD Anderson, n.d.). Next is Stage III, the cancer has spread into the lymph nodes that are nearest (MD Anderson, n.d.). Lastly Stage IV, the cancer has spread to other parts of the body like the liver or lungs and also spread to other distant lymph nodes (MD Anderson, n.d.). Fortunately, there are many test that can help detect colon cancer or polyps that might cause it. The most common test is a Colonoscopy; this process uses a long tube, with a camera attached to it, to view the inside of the colon (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Surgical tools are able to pass through the tube, so tissues samples can be taken for analysis. (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Another test for Colon cancer is a CT colonography; this test takes multiple CT images to created a picture of your colon (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Doctors look at the CT image for abnormal lumps and polyps that could lead to cancer. Other diagnostic test for Colon Cancer include Double-contrast barium enema, Flexible sigmoidoscopy, Guaiac-based fecal occult blood test, Fecal immunochemical test, and a Stool DNA test (American Cancer …show more content…
New test such as Colon Cancer Assay, and Oncotype Dx, are being developed to monitor different genes in colon cancer tumors (American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2012). As a result, this can help determine which patients have a higher risk of the cancer spreading (American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2012). Researchers have also created a new test that discovers colon cancer that has spread in nearby lymph nodes (American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2012). This is done by finding a type of RNA found in colon cancer but not in regular lymph node cells (American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2012). In addition, this can help identify which patients might benefit from chemotherapy after surgery (American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2012). Surgeons are also taking new approaches to surgery to make colon cancer surgery more successful, such as making sure to remove enough lymph nodes during operations (American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2012). Moreover, researchers are trying to create vaccines to treat or even prevent colon cancer from coming back (American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2012). The vaccines are supposed to boost the patient’s immune system to fight off colon cancer (American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2012). In conclusion, Colon cancer is quite common in the U.S, but there are a variety of tests, treatment, and prevention methods available for everyone. Eventually,

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    The fields of genetics and genomics have made significant strides in the past ten years, and researches are applying the results of research to many areas of health care. Because disease risk and health conditions are influenced by elements of environment, lifestyle, and genetics, the nurse needs to consider these factors when assessing families for genetic risks (Williams, Cashion, Shekar, & Ginsburg, 2016). The nurse uses the information gathered from a family health history to identify members who are at risk of diseases with a genetic influence and provides recommendations for health promotion, screening, and reproductive options (Rowe Kaakinen, Padgett Coehlo, Steele, Tabasco & Harmon Hanson, 2015-a). In this paper, I will complete a genetic/genomic nursing assessment on three generations of a family considering ethnic background, variations in growth and development, and the health and reproductive histories. I will also analyze the assessment results for disease risks and discuss recommendations for nursing interventions that…

    • 1993 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Pancreatic Cancer Essay

    • 1222 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Pancreatic Cancer In the U.S an estimated 46,420 will be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and over 39,590 will die from this disease. For stage IA there’s only a 14% chance of survival and for stage IV there’s only a 1% chance. Not many people want to know these statistics, because they might lose hope if they are fighting the disease; for those that would like to gain an understanding it should be made clear. Knowing this, it’s best to learn the facts of how this cancer can be prevented and diagnosed.…

    • 1222 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The gastrointestinal tract or GI tract is essential to our health and survival, if there are any irregularities a series of diseases and complications are left to be exposed. Most digestive diseases target a specific area within the GI tract. However, there is one disease in particular that will target almost the entire system, Crohn’s Disease. Crohn’s disease is when the GI tract becomes inflamed causing swelling and irritable favors. Unfortunately, this disease places under the chronic category.…

    • 649 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Erythritol Research Paper

    • 1882 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Erythritol – Your New Favorite (Antioxidant-Rich, Diabetic-Friendly) Sugar Substitute! The verdict is in: Sugar is BAD for our health! But, does this mean we’ll never again be able to enjoy a decadent piece of chocolate cake, a plate of warm, chewy cookies, or a heavenly handful of candy ever again?…

    • 1882 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Bowel cancer is the general term for any cancer that is located in the digestives lower tract and large bowel area. It varies being called 'colon cancer', 'rectal cancer' or 'colorectal cancer' depending on where the cancer generated from. The national bowel cancer screening strategy has six objectives but the main target being to eliminate the incidence, illness and mortality of bowel cancer by detecting the disease while it’s in its early stages. Although Bowel cancer is one of Australia’s most common cancers particularly for people over the age of 50, it is also one of the easiest to cure if it has been detected early.…

    • 1455 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Bowel cancer is the term used for a cancerous tumour that presents itself in the large bowel and can go by other names such as colon or rectal cancer depending on where it starts from, it also includes rectal cancer. It can also present itself in the small intestine. Around 1 in 20 people residing in the United Kingdom will develop a form of bowel cancer and about 40,000 cases of bowel cancer are diagnosed each year. There are four sections to the bowel in which cancer can develop in any of them. The four sections are the ascending colon which is connected to the small intestine, the traverse colon which is located under the stomach, the descending colon, on the left side of the abdomen and the sigmoid colon which joins the descending colon to the rectum.…

    • 1098 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Gastric Carcinoids

    • 1718 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Gastric carcinoid tumors originate from enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells. ECL cells are confined in the gastric fundus and corpus cells (L. Vannella et al., 2011). ECL cells have the task of secreting histamine, which leads the secretion of parietal cells (L. Vannella et al., 2011). Histamines are produced by the immune system, and in response causes inflammation. Parietal cells are the epithelial cells that secrete hydrochloric acid (HCL) and intrinsic factor.…

    • 1718 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Even though stomach cancer is about ¼ as common as it was 70 years ago, there are 24,000 new cases which are diagnosed annually in the United States. If it’s caught early, the five-year survival rate is 90%, yet, unfortunately, symptoms rarely occur until the disease spreads through the stomach and to some other organs. When it comes in this advanced stage, the cancer is no longer treatable, and the five-year survival rate is only 3%. So, here is the million-dollar question – how can you stop this silent killer before it strikes you?…

    • 329 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Stomach Cancer Case Study

    • 360 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Degenerative disease experienced at a higher rate among Chinese Americans Among Chinese Americans, Stomach Cancer is experienced at a much higher rate - about two times the rate than that of non-hispanic white men and women. Stomach Cancer among Asian Americans is generally known to be caused by H. Pylori, a bacteria that is found in the digestive tract. H. Pylori can sometimes break the barrier of the stomach lining and attack it, which can lead to cancer of the stomach. Please be aware that this is NOT the case for everyone but it thought to be the cause of why many Asian Americans experience Stomach Cancer at a higher rate.…

    • 360 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Health Belief Model Paper

    • 1046 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Health Issue that is affected by a social condition Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the 3rd most common cancer and second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States for both men and women (Steele, et al. 2013). Most colorectal cancers develop slowly over several years from a growth tissue often referred as “polyps” which are benign and non-cancerous in nature. Because of this relatively slow growth, CRC is one of the cancers that can be effectively screened for. A colonoscopy is considered the gold standard for colorectal cancer screening and is the preferred modality of colorectal screening by the American College of Gastroenterology (Geiger, et al. 2008). It is a procedure where physicians use a flexible and lighted tube known…

    • 1046 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    My grandmother was diagnosed for the first time with colon cancer when she was 27 years old. Cancer reoccurred several times over her lifetime until it finally came back and killed her at the age of 81. All of my grandmother's four children were diagnosed with colon cancer at some point ( including my mother). Luckily, the cancer was caught in time with each of them to be cured. Unfortunately, they all are at a high risk of it returning.…

    • 280 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine. It starts off as adenomatous polyps. Adenomatous polyps are little, non cancerous clumps of cell. After a while some of the clumps turn to colon cancer. Doctors are not sure what causes the cancer.…

    • 392 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Melissa Robles 1/30/17 English Expository Research Paper The average deaths from stomach cancer in 2002 was 700,000. Stomach cancer occurs when cancerous cells begin to form in the inner lining of the stomach. The important thing to know about stomach cancer is that there are many ways it can be prevented. There are certain foods to avoid in order to prevent getting stomach cancer and certain foods to eat.…

    • 693 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Nationwide Assessment of Trends in Surgery for Non-Malignant Colorectal Polyps in the United States From 2000-2013 Introduction Screening endoscopy (sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy) with polypectomy reduces the incidence of and mortality from colorectal cancer.1-4 Most colorectal polyps are removed with routine endoscopic resection, although polyps considered to be complex because of size, location or morphology are commonly resected surgically.5- 7 An estimated 1% of all patients with a non-malignant colorectal polyp will be sent for surgical resection.8-10 In the United States, 73,000 elective colectomies for colorectal cancer and non-malignant colorectal polyps are performed annually. Of these, 32% are performed on patients with non-malignant disease.9 Surgery for a non-malignant colorectal polyp is associated with significant morbidity, mortality and cost.9…

    • 1639 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    Gastrointestinal cancer refers to cancers that typically affect the digestive system. This incorporates cancers of the oesophagus, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, stomach, small intestine, bowel, and anus (GI Cancer Institute, 2012). The types of Gastrointestinal cancer can be in the upper digestive tract or the lower digestive tract. Cancers in the upper digestive tract are: Esophageal, Stomach, pancreatic, liver,gall bladder. Cancer of the lower digestive tract include: anal, and colorectal cancer.…

    • 1042 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays

Related Topics