Risk Factors And Symptoms Of A Stroke

Superior Essays
Stroke can strike fast without you knowing. Therefore, it is particularly important to know its risk factors and ways to prevent/reduce its occurrence and to also check if you are at risk of stroke.
Worldwide, 15 million people suffer a stroke with about 5 million of them dying untreated each year. Stroke is also the second leading cause of death among those age 60 and above as well as the fifth leading cause of death among people aged 15-59.
What are the Symptoms for Stroke?
Knowing the symptoms of a stroke is important as it will help you alert your doctor so that prompt treatment can be given at the right time. Further, all strokes hit fast so it is better for you to know its symptoms. Here are the common symptoms:
• Trouble speaking or
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Below are risk factors that you can control:
Obesity: Being overweight can increase your chance of getting stroke and heart disease as well. If you are obese, you should employ a healthy diet plan to lose a small amount of body weight which will help reduce your risk.
Heart disease: This disease includes the heart’s pumping ability, rhythm or a weakened heart muscle, or problems arising from the arteries that deliver blood to the heart muscles. Heart disease is resulted from fatty build-up or atherosclerosis which can double your risk of stroke. To cope with the heart related problem (s), consult a doctor and follow their advice.
Smoking: Smoking in any form can increase the damage to the arteries, and cardiovascular system, and this in turns leads to the tendency of blood clotting, and can even temporarily give rise to the blood pressure and heart rate.
Diabetes: The unusually high levels of blood sugar are a condition of diabetes. This condition is always followed by high cholesterol and high blood
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Atherosclerosis (fatty build-up)
Fats that develop in the blood can form plaque within the artery walls and the plaque will narrow the carotid arteries that supply the brain with blood causing a stroke. This situation occurs especially when plaque ruptures or bursts blocking the flow of the blood with the presence of the formation of a blood clot within the artery walls. Not only the blood clot blocks the blood flow, but a stroke also can be caused by the breaking of a piece of plaque inside the artery or those arteries inside the brain.
Treatment may involve medications like statins that are used to reduce cholesterol. Doctors may also prescribe drugs that inhibit blood clotting, and in certain cases, they may suggest a surgery or an invasive intervention like a stent to help treat a stroke.
Heart Failure
Due to the heart muscle being unable to pump as much blood as needed by the body, less blood travels to the rest of the body. Fluid then backs up in the other organs and the heart over time, affecting heart function. As a result, you feel pain, disability and fatigue.
Atrial Fibrillation

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