Rights, Freedoms and Responsibilities of the Individual in Great Britain

2195 Words Oct 26th, 2013 9 Pages
Rights, Freedoms and Responsibilities of the Individual in Great Britain
Contents
Chapter 1 Historical Development of System of Human Rights in United Kingdom
1.1. Development of Human Rights in Kingdom of England from Manga Carta to Bill of Rights
1.2. Development of System of Human Rights in XVIII – XX Centuries
References

Historical Development of System of Human Rights in United Kingdom

The origin of human rights law extends back to the beginning of Western civilization, to the Greeks and the Romans. Much of what we now consider modern human rights law can be found in the basis of fundamental rights widely recognized by Greek and Roman lawyers. Natural law, or what the Romans called “ius natural”, was a central theme
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The Magna Carta (1215)
Magna Carta, or “Great Charter,” signed by the King of England in 1215, was a turning point in human rights.
The Magna Carta, or “Great Charter,” was arguably the most significant early influence on the extensive historical process that led to the human right legal provision today in the world.
In 1215, after King John of England violated a number of ancient laws and customs by which England had been governed, his subjects forced him to sign the Magna Carta, which enumerates what later came to be thought of as human rights. Among them was the right of the church to be free from governmental interference, the rights of all free citizens to own and inherit property and to be protected from excessive taxes. It established the right of widows who owned property to choose not to remarry, and established principles of due process and equality before the law. It also contained provisions forbidding bribery and official misconduct.
Widely viewed as one of the most important legal documents in the development of modern democracy, the Magna Carta was a crucial turning point in the struggle to establish freedom. The Charter

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