Rhetorical Analysis Of Quit India Speech By Gandhi

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CONTEXT- All-India Congress had just ratified the Quit India resolution, India was at a tipping point in terms of freedom from British imperialism, the time was optimal for mobilizing public opinion in favor of freedom.

AUDIENCE-Gandhi’s speech, “Quit India”, given on August 1942 in Bombay was geared towards an Indian population, oppressed by British rule (Manas). Gandhi spoke to all social groups in India in this speech, however he selectively addressed the Muslims and Hindus. In fact, a large portion of Gandhi’s audience and followers comprised of Muslims and Hindus. At the time the speech was given, there were rising tensions between the two religious groups. The enmity between the two groups grew due to their widely different beliefs
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Several different devices were used as aid to establishing his Ethos, Logos and Pathos. Gandhi carefully incorporates these rhetorical devices throughout his paper. Gandhi used his intelligence and cordial nature for many years in India, but he also indirectly infused his ideas and beliefs on many people worldwide. His call for non-violence and equality influenced many human rights movements on a global scale. His ideas of unity and accord were seen in the civil rights movement in the mid 20th century in the US. Still today Gandhi’s words continue to inspire human rights movement, whether it be the fight for Gay rights or the ever-going dispute for equality for women. Ultimately, Gandhi’s words encourage the evolutions to a larger, ideal democratic …show more content…
For his pathos Gandhi uses his metaphor and biting diction in a similar way in that they both are cultivated to infuse fear in the reader; in a way they work congruently. Towards the beginning of his speech he uses imagery, he depicts the earth in turmoil, ravaged by violence, pleading out for help. “In the present crisis, when the earth is scorched by the flames of Himsa and crying out for deliverance,” he proclaimed . This image of a devoured world acts as a warning to the reader that if they continue in a path suffused with violence, it will lead to nothing but destruction. Gandhi personifies earth to illustrate the adverse effect of violence and also reflect suffering on a human level. Additionally, his use of biting diction in this quote emphasizes this theme of destruction. His choice of cutting words such as scorched, flames, and deliverance, all words that carry a negative connotation, make this statement dreadfully coarse, eliciting negative feelings. However, for the majority of his speech Gandhi sticks to a mellow, middle diction. It is important that his diction and tone be calm in order for him to accentuate peace, in other words he must lead by example. If he were to be using biting diction during the entire course of his speech he would contradicting his preeminent theme of Ahimsa. Gandhi also uses apostrophe to bring forth positive feelings of unity

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