Rhetorical Analysis Of The Pearl Harbor Speech

Superior Essays
On December 7th, 1941, Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese forces. The next day, Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed the United States Congress with his memorable speech, the Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation. The goal of his speech was to urge Congress to formally declare war on Japan and rally American people to support the war effort. The main points of his speech were that the Japanese government launched an attack against Malaya, Hong Kong, Guam, the Philippine Islands, Wake Island, and Midway Island. Japan took an offensive all over the Pacific area. Also, their country was in danger too, so they should their armed forces and support to fight back. The distance of Hawaii from Japan shows that the attack was planned a long time ago, so …show more content…
He seems to be consciously aiming for a response from Congress and the American people, which makes the argument. The speaker tries to make the reader care by using examples of how Japan caused many attacks in the Pacific area and they should defend themselves from the inevitable. He also uses this evidence to describe where and when Japan attacked, promoting support of the nation. He uses rhetorical devices such as repetition, discord, and ramifications. For example, he uses the phrase "Japanese forces attacked..." repetitively in his speech, "the attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces" shows strife in the United States, and he describes possibilities and consequences if they do not do anything to prevent their attacks. John F. Kennedy 's Ich bin ein Berliner ("I am a 'Berliner ') Speech was on 1963. His goal was to illustrate the United States position on the Berlin Wall and communism and to give support and encouragement to the people of East Berlin. The message was aimed as much at the Soviets as it was at Berliners and was a clear statement of U.S. policy in the wake of the construction of the Berlin Wall. The main point of the speech was …show more content…
Ford delivered the "Address After Taking the Oath of the Presidency," on August 9th, 1974. Ford 's goal was to address the citizens and gain their support or trust when he leads the nation. The main point of his speech was that even though people did not elect him as president, he served as vice-president for many years with the support of close family and friends. The structure of the speech helps him make the argument by creating an emotional, yet serious impression by saying "This is an hour of history that troubles our minds and hurts our hearts." However, it 's a joyous moment for him and his friends when he describes that his friends elected him as vice-president in the beginning. He also wants to talk casually as an equal during his speech because he wanted their trust in leading the nation. The speaker uses evidence by showing he can lead the nation. He used anecdotes of how he did not have any debts other to his wife, how he became vice-president, Watergate, and how the Constitution works. He became president due to the 25th Amendment in the Constitution. The speaker tries to make the reader care by letting them know that he would be leading the country until the next election in the 1970s. Also, everyone was involved in politics because the government runs the country and they make important decisions for us on our behalf. President Ford promised to the best he could and had followed God 's path. The rhetorical devices he used were allusion by

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    President Roosevelt organized his speech into four main points. In his first point he tells the nation that the United States was just attacked by Japan, which is an act of war. In his second point, he tells the nation of the other attacks the Japanese empire have orchestrated in order to gain power over the Pacific Ocean. When President Roosevelt speaks about these attacks, he repetitively says “Japanese forces attacked…”. “Roosevelt’s use of repetition amplifies the message and draws more attention to the key words: ‘Japanese’ and ‘attacked’” (Dlugan, 2012).…

    • 739 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Infamy Speech Analysis

    • 728 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The occasion in this particular speech is the nation being addressed about Japan’s multiple attacks on pacific territory of the U.S including Pearl Harbor. This is supported by the text when it states: “the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan”. Moreover, the third component of SOAPSTone is the audience. In this speech, the audience is the Congress of the U.S and the people of the United States as well. The Congress is shown as audience as Roosevelt demands them to take action when he says: “I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire”.…

    • 728 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    This speech given by Franklin Delano Roosevelt was a call to war for the entire nation. He needed an approval by Congress, and needed war efforts put forth by millions of Americans. With a serious, bone chilling tone, he used various forms of ethos, pathos, and logos to persuade his audience. Within minutes after the speech, the United States declared war on Japan, and many Americans went on to enlist in the ranks. This undoubtedly shows how effective his address was and why it was listed as one of the greatest American…

    • 1056 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Again, on December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the US Naval Base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, using bombers, torpedo bombers and midget submarines. Then, on December 8, President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered a speech, also known as the “Infamy Speech” to the American citizens, informing them that this happened while the US was in the midst of talks to keep peace. That same day, America entered into World War II. On the southern end of Oahu, Pearl Harbor held a 22,000 acre naval base. The majority quartered there because of growing apprehensions regarding an aggressive Japanese presence.…

    • 829 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Ww2 Ethical Analysis

    • 1172 Words
    • 5 Pages

    On the darker side of this nationalism, was a call for revenge. The American public wanted retribution for the attack on Pearl Harbor and this anger affected many decisions involving Japan and Japanese people within the United States. Decades of racial tension with Japanese immigrants erupted into hate and persecution. Inflationary journalism, politicians and military figures all sought to demonize the Japanese people and place them as a target for retaliation. Frank Knox, the secretary of the navy under president Roosevelt during Pearl Harbor held prior beliefs that Japanese people living in America were not to be trusted as early as 1933 when he first called for Japanese internment.…

    • 1172 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    "Yesterday, December 7th, 1941, a date which will live in infamy- the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan" (). These are the words the 32nd President of the United States begin his Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation on December 8th, 1941. FDR's speech was a call to action, and in his speech, he expressed outstanding distaste towards Japan. The speech was directed to Congress for them to declare war against Japan which would bring the United States into World War II. FDR's speech was an outstanding success in bringing the United States into World War II because FDR explained why going to war needed to be declared and used righteous indignation which would give the United…

    • 1189 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Infamy Speech Analysis

    • 916 Words
    • 4 Pages

    "December 7th, 1941, a day that will live in infamy." The famous words stated to the American people by president Franklin D. Roosevelt, a day after Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese forces. On December 8th, 1941, FDR spoke before the citizens of the United States, delivering one of the most renowned speeches of American History. After Pearl Harbor was attacked, The United States declared war against the Japanese Empire. That declaration was formally announced during Roosevelt 's well-structured speech to alert the American people.…

    • 916 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The audience, being the nation, needed to know the brutality of this event, and needed to understand that December 7th, 1941 would forever be known for its evil acts. The word infamy worked better considering the circumstances an audience. Another change that was made at the beginning of the speech was the word “suddenly” in replace of “simultaneously”. The first draft said that “the United States of America was simultaneously and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan”. The change to “suddenly” made the attack seem more targeted at Pearl Harbor instead of it being a part of a series of events.…

    • 1809 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Pearl Harbor Attack Essay

    • 1471 Words
    • 6 Pages

    However, this attack galvanized the American people and Roosevelt got the next day, December 8, 1941, Congress approved the declaration of war against Japan. The lack of foresight of the military authorities before a possible attack provoked harsh criticism at the time. And even some historians have suggested that Roosevelt knew about the attack…

    • 1471 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In summary, this speech was basically saying that we need to unite the country as one. During the speech he says,”Yesterday, December seventh, 1941, a date which will live in infamy, the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan. We will gain the inevitable triumph, so help us God. This speech was not only to begin the Pacific War but it was also to get Americans spirits up. He now had a true reason to get in the middle of the war.…

    • 1314 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays