Role Of Rhetoric In Psychology

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Rhetoric of Psychology The psychology field consists of a wide range of ideas and contributions that have lead to many rhetorical situations that have changed the world. Psychologists have and always will have strong values and when analyzing their rhetoric, their values tend to be shown more in depth. Throughout various readings, rhetoric is displayed and their rhetoric can be shown in the field of psychology. The scientific method, clear communication, empathy, and ethics are four topics that all psychologists must value, and these values are discussed in the writings of Robert Pirsig's Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, Gerald Graff’s Clueless in Academe, and Jim Kuyper’s Rhetorical Criticism. To begin, the scientific method …show more content…
Being able to share the feelings of another person is not only essential, but also rewarding. When working in a therapy setting, the professional in charge must portray elements of factual, yet emotional understanding. In therapy the idea of classicism is used due to how, “The classic style is straightforward, unadorned, unemotional, economical and carefully proportioned. Its purpose is not to inspire emotionally, but to bring order out of chaos and make the unknown known” (Pirsig,1999, p.74). This relates to psychology within therapy in the way that psychologists need to figure out what is wrong with someone to help them. Therefore, without being classical, psychologists would rely more on the emotions of others. However, romanticism ideas come up as well, which relate more with that of empathy. Pirsig (2003), when talking about romanticism, states that, “The romantic mode is primarily inspirational, imaginative, creative, intuitive. Feelings rather than facts, predominate” (Pirsig, 2003, p. 73). Having a sense of feeling helps with belonging. Without classicism, romanticism would not be able to empathize with patients that are being treated. First, classicism helps discover what is wrong with the patient and what will be used to help the individuals, while romanticism is used during the therapy that follows to help the patient open up with the therapist about how they are feeling and what they will need to do …show more content…
Kuypers (2016) states that, “constraints, which are an important consideration in that they can influence both what can be said and what should not be said”(Qtd. in Kuypers, 2016, p. 41). When testing a hypothesis, experiments and observations are done, however, there are constraints that limit what can and cannot be done to and told to participants. Psychologists must make sure that participants are told that they do not have to participate in the study, that they can stop the study at any time, that they can know the results of the study, and that all of their answers are confidential. These constraints set a boundary for all studies that are done in the field of Psychology. Furthermore, exigence occurs which is, “an imperfection marked by urgency; it is a defect, an obstacle, something waiting to be done, a thing which is other than it should be” (Qtd. in Kuypers, 2016, p. 41). There tends to always be a type of obstacle when doing studies and these obstacles lead to urgency. The exigence in a psychology setting has to do with why individuals are doing the study in the first place and what urgency it has to themselves, as well as,

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