Revised Leadership For Sports Scale Case Study

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The intent of this study was to determine differentiation of leadership technique among various levels of coaching utilizing the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale (RLSS). The study was also designed to highlight differences between male and female coaches. Researchers focused their efforts on two main hypotheses: The first was that male and female coaches would respond differently to the RLSS in terms of leadership behavior. The second being that differences on the RLSS would be evident among coaching levels to include: college, high school, and junior high school.
A nonrandom sample was selected consisting of 162 coaches that volunteered to participate. The sample was made up of 118 male and 44 female coaches. With regard to level, 38
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Participants were asked to answer “honestly as possible” and anonymity was stressed in hopes of honest answers being rendered. However, nothing further was mentioned on threat reduction. A few key weaknesses were discernable: Ecological fallacies for this study are considerably high. The surveys were mailed out and only returned on a volunteer basis. Due to the fact that this was a nonrandom sample, the results would not be able to be generalized past the sample. Further threats to internal validity include scales that were rendered in a variety of settings. With this design participants may not be focused on completing the scale, instead their attention may be drawn to relationships, coordination, and certain qualifications. I also believe that gender would greatly affect coaches’ responses. For instance, young females need a much higher level of social support than young males. The researchers also do not mention that certain sports like football and baseball require different leadership styles than individual sports such as wrestling and golf. School population and affiliation (catholic, public etc.) also plays a huge factor, and some schools require students to participate in extracurricular activities including sports. Continued threats to internal validity include factors such as high school and middle school coaches being required or forced into coaching a sport they …show more content…
I would also add a question on gender of the athlete. The increase in independent variables would reduce some of the potential threat to internal validity. I would also bring coaches of the same region or area together in a common venue, such as a nearby school or library in hopes of reducing the location threat. Another possibility would be to administer the survey at individual schools, meeting with the coaches individually or as a group. This would allow for a good cross-sectional study of gender and coaching experience across a wide range of sports. I would also recommend a few changes in data analysis to enhance reliability. First off, there was no information regarding validity of the RLSS, this needs to be addressed in future studies. A MANOVA was used to analyze data for differences between male and female coaches; this is not consistent with the data collected. The RLSS used a Likert scale (ordinal), in turn, a MANOVA would be most applicable for quantitative data distributed normally. The researchers used an ANOVA to analyze the six individual behaviors. Once again, because data for the RLSS is ordinal, an ANOVA is not the best tool for

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