Review on Sectarian War: Pakistan’s Sunni-Shia Violence & Its Links to the Middle East

877 Words Dec 12th, 2012 4 Pages
Title: Sectarian War: Pakistan’s Sunni-Shia Violence & Its Links to The Middle East. Author: Khaled Ahmed
ISBN: 978-0-19-90-6593-6
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Pages: 369
Price: PKR.550
By: Syed Haider Abbas
The author of this book is Khaled Ahmed. Khaled Ahmed was in the Pakistan Foreign Service from 1969 to 1978. He left it to become a journalist of distinction in The Pakistan Times. He is a former consulting editor of Daily Times; resident editor of The Frontier Post; joint editor of The Nation and assistant editor of The Pakistan Times. He is a founder-member of Track-two Neemrana Dialogue between India and Pakistan. He is currently Director, South Asian Free Media Association (SAFMA), Lahore. He contributes regular
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Text books were written about the life of muslim persons of Mughal and British eras who stuck with extremism as well as sectarianism like ‘Mujaddis Alf-e-Sani Ahmed of Sirhind’, ‘Shah Waliullah’, ‘Mughal ruler, Almagir’ etc.

During the Iran-Iraq war , Saudi Arabia and other Arab States supported Iraq and therefore, Saudi-Iran Relations became more worse. Pakistan was drawn to the Saudi side for many reasons. Pakistani labor forces were stationed in Arab states. Before 9/11, almost 80% of Pakistan’s ‘foreign remittances’ were earned from this region. Saudi Arabia was also the most important ally of Pakistan after the USA against USSR in Afghanistan in the 1980s. Most of the ‘Mujahideen’ of USSR-Afghan war were trained by ISI and in Pakistan by the support of Saudi Arabia and USA. Majority of these militants were belonged to Deobandi sect or Wahabi which are typically anti-shia. Therefore, influence of the Saudi Arabia was prominent during the Zia’s era as well as Deobandis. Deobandi seminaries, ulema and militants projected their anti-shia sentiments through polemics and violence.

After the Islamic revolution in Iran (1979), Khumeini announced to ‘export the revolution’ to other parts of the world. It shocked USA and Saudi Arabia as Ayatollah Khumeini was Anti-America and anti-Monarchy of

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