Review of Related Literature Essay

681 Words Sep 19th, 2014 3 Pages
For Sherry (1996), interactivity takes many forms; it is not just limited to audio and video, nor solely to teacher-student interactions. It represents the connectivity the students feel with the distance education lecturer, the facilitators and their peers. Sherry (1996) states that without connectivity, distance learning degenerates into the old correspondence course model of independent study. The student becomes autonomous and isolated, and eventually drops out. She argues that effective distance education should not be independent and isolated from learning, but should approach Keegan's ideal of an authentic learning experience.
In a well researched literature review on video conferencing, Amirian (2002) found that interaction is
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Video conferencing: a solution to the multi-campus large classes problem? British Journal of Educational Technology, 29(3), 197-210.

This article found benefits to the use of videoconferencing, but his main criticism was that students and staff felt that lecturing learning activities and interactions were not improved by this mode of delivery. Freeman looked at videoconferencing and discuses the problems that staff encountered that led to distractions at the remote site. Concluding the article he outlines four recommendations that need to be resolved by technical staff and administrators.

Video conferencing adds a new dimension of interaction and communication that was previously unavailable in the online learning environment (Palloff & Pratt, 2007, 2011). Wang and Chen (2007) contend that the increased interactions and synchronous learning environment promoted by video conferencing address the need for increased human interaction often experienced by online learners. Students expect educators to use the available technologies and implement innovations as available (Reigeluth, 2009).

The interactivity and the increased learner-centeredness afforded by video conferencing promote an engaging and constructivist-centered course (Dudding, 2009; Kent, 2009; Schroeder, Minocha, & Schneider, 2010;Smyth & Zanetis, 2007). Dudding notes that in order for video conferencing to be effective, faculty should incorporate an interactive style where

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