Respondent and Instrumental Conditioning as Related to Phobias and Addictions
Many people who suffer from phobias also suffer from addictions. This is largely due in part to the reluctance to seek professional treatment for the phobia. People turn to other means to cope with their phobias which in turn leads to addictions. Dependence is such an issue with addiction that stopping is very difficult and causes severe physical and mental reactions. Therapist use a technique called extinction to treat patients with phobias and addictions.
A Phobia is a persistent, abnormal or irrational fear of a specific thing or situation that compels one to avoid the feared stimulus. Phobias are largely underreported. An estimated 6 million people …show more content…
An addiction is a habitual psychological and physiological dependence on a substance or practice beyond one’s voluntary control. A person who suffers from addiction essentially has no self-control. When most people think of addictions they automatically think of someone who is addicted to drugs. However, the types of addiction are lengthy as the types of phobias. Addictions are vast as the following: drugs, alcoholism, food, sex, shopping, and the list goes on and on. Instrumental or Operant conditioning is often used to help cure a person’s addiction. Addiction counselors will use various behavior modification techniques to help break a person’s urge or desire to use drugs by reinforcing positive behaviors. Addiction is believed to be associated with Instrumental conditioning, which is a process of behavior modification in which a subject is encouraged to behave in a desired manner through positive or negative reinforcement, so that the subject comes to associate the pleasure or displeasure of the reinforcement with the behavior. People will do things in order to cope with life and its various trying issues and in turn become addicted to coping mechanism. If a person seeks help in getting over their addiction by going to rehab,