Essay about Research

3545 Words May 28th, 2014 15 Pages
Case Study Research Method
Definition of a Case Study: * “Investigates a contemporary phenomenon within its real-life context, especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident.(Case studies focus on understanding the dynamics present within a single setting. (Eisenhardt, 1989)). * “A case study is an empirical enquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomenon in depth and within its real-life context, especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident.(Robert K.Yin)”
Historical background:
Case study method emphasizes the study of a single individual. And it comes in the category of single-case research designs. Single-case designs have
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The case study method is frequently associated with the field of clinical psychology, but investigators from fields such as anthropology, criminology, neurology, and sociology also make use of this important method. For example, neurologist Oliver Sacks (1985, 1995, 2007) captivated millions with his vivid case studies of individuals with peculiar, and rather fascinating, brain disorders

Characteristics: The key characteristics of case study method are described below;

1. Particularistic: It means that case study method focuses on a particular situation, event, program or phenomenon.
2. Descriptive: A case study is an intensive description and analysis of a single individual.
Case studies frequently make use of qualitative data, but this is not always the case (e.g., Smith, Harré, & Van Langenhove, 1995).

3.Heuristic: The cases studied illuminate the reader’s understanding of the phenomenon under study & brings about the discovery of new meanings. Along that it extend the reader’s experience & make him confirm what is already known. The form and content of case studies are extremely varied. Published case studies may be only a few printed pages long or may fill a book.

4: Source of hypothesis: Case studies are a source of hypotheses and ideas about normal and abnormal behavior. Many aspects of the case study

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