Research Paper the Civil Rights Movement

2904 Words Feb 24th, 2013 12 Pages
The Civil Rights Movement
Sharon L. Jordan
HUM410 Contemporary History
Instructor: Lila Griffin-Brown
October 16, 2011

African Americans’ efforts to stop the segregation of trains and streetcars, the organizations created to contest Jim Crow laws, and segregationists’ attempts to silence the protests all provide rich testimony to the spirit of agitation present even in this bleak time in American history (Kelley, 2010, p.5). The Civil Rights Movement was a struggle by African Americans in the mid-1950s to late 1960s to achieve civil rights equal to those of whites, including equal opportunity in employment, housing, and education, as well as the right to vote, the right of equal access to public facilities, and the right to be free
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During a garbage men’s strike, the NAACP convinced the city it should expand the labor force eligible to work on the wagons. When the strike was over, the city began hiring Black workers. They did not, however, pay them the same wage as white workers. The rationale was that white workers drove the garbage wagons, while all Black workers did was tote the cans. Once again, the NAACP intervened, and the city adopted the policy of rotating the duties of a truck crew between driving and hauling (Covin, 2009, p.18).
There were two incidents brought birth to the Civil Rights Movement and placed the issue of civil rights squarely into the public spotlight. On May 17, 1954, the NAACP chipped away at the foundation of segregation in the provision of education to children, which resulted in the Brown v. Board of Education (1954) decision. The Brown decision propelled the exercise of civil rights by black Americans to the fore: rising expectations and decreasing patience. Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law; for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting the inferiority of the Negro group. Although the Brown Supreme Court decision called for desegregation “with all deliberate speed,” Little Rock officials were extremely slow to adopt any official desegregation policy (Ezra, 2009, p. 5, 10, 14).
The second…

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