December 6th, 2012
Human Trafficking: A Global Epidemic When Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1963, we thought this was the end to slavery, but the sad truth is that it is still occurring today all over the world. This form of modern day slavery is called human trafficking. The United Nations defines human trafficking as "The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another
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Therefore the victim gets trapped and ends up doing more work while enslaved than what was put toward the original sum of money borrowed. The second, and more severe kind of labor trafficking is forced labor. Forced labor is when victims are forced to work against their own will, under the threat of violence or other forms of punishment. (Office of Refugee Resettlement) Their freedom is stripped from them and ownership is exercised, much like the slavery that occurred in America in the 1800s. Forms of forced labor can include domestic enslavement; agricultural labor; sweatshop factory labor; janitorial, food service and other service industry labor. There is also the cruel injustice of child labor. Child labor is not only a hazard to the physical health of a child, but also to the mental and spiritual health. The International Labor Organization estimates worldwide that there are 246 million exploited children aged between 5 and 17 involved in debt bondage, forced recruitment for armed conflict, prostitution, pornography, the illegal drug trade, the unlawful arms trade and other criminal acts.
A perfect example of a child soldier who suffered from the affects of child labor is Emmanuel Jal. Jal was born in the Southern Sudan village of Taj and was a child when the Second Sudanese Civil War broke out. But after his mother was killed by soldiers who were loyal to the government and his