Essay on Rene Descartes 's Philosophy On The Mind And Body Problem

1267 Words Nov 9th, 2016 6 Pages
René Descartes was a modern philosopher and was dualist. He wrote The Mediations of First Philosophy in 1641. In his arguments he expresses his believes of two substances, which are Res Cogitans and Res Extensa. He will also, give you arguments about how he concluded that god existed, and will use god in his argument to show how it is possible for corporeal things to exist, as well as introduce you the mind and body problem. Descartes will at one-point doubt everything, even his existence, which means he is willing to use hyperbolic thought. He does this because he is going after the indubitable truth. He puts his hyperbolic thought in action when he introduces the Dream Hypothesis and The Evil Demon Hypothesis in order to prove that the senses deceive us and that it is not useful for someone who is trying to gain knowledge. Descartes will also introduce you to “Cogito Ergo Sum” in meditation two. At the end of meditation two he will also introduce you to the “piece of wax” argument to prove how his mind works. When he concludes that god exists he will then use The Clear and Distinct idea as his criterion of truth. First of all, dualism is the division of two things, in this case, Descartes believes that the mind and body are separate from each other, therefore, the body can function without the mind and the mind without the body. The primary qualities of Res Cogitans (thinking thing) are thinking and it is non-extended, and its secondary qualities are sense perception and…

Related Documents