Essay on Rene Descartes ' Meditations On First Philosophy

1650 Words Apr 15th, 2015 7 Pages
In René Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy, the author aims to create an unshakable foundation of metaphysics for the sciences. In doing so, the work’s meditator comes to conclude that he is a thinking substance distinct from material substance, and thus all mental substances are independent of corporeal bodies. Central to how this view explains conscious experience of sensing and perceiving external bodies is the interaction between the mental substance of the mind and corporeal substance of the physical world. However, the ability for mental and material substances to interact with each serves as liability for the substance dualism as argued by Jerry Fodor, who questions that the ability of mental substance to affect material substance Presumably, Descartes response would be to affirm that this interaction does occur but is not physically identifiable manner. However, any response Descartes could make in answer to the objection Fodor raises would contradict firmly entrenched and commonly held views about scientific laws. Before he can arrive at substance dualism, Descartes resolves to lay a solid foundation for existence of substance in the first place. The meditator starts by examining whether he himself is real. On first glance, the meditator identifies himself as a man, an animal that is a physical thing. The meditator then defines a material object as something that occupies space which no other body can occupy simultaneously. Because various faculties that…

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