Renaissance Essay Ideas

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 What led up to the Renaissance?
 Fall of Rome & the regression back into Feudalism
 The Crusades
 The Bubonic Plague
 Great geological/trade location
 Establishing the city-states
 New ideas were mostly inspired by the Romans and the Greeks, who were considered trailblazers
Economic and Political Developments/Commercial Developments
 Florence was the heart of the Art Renaissance
 Northern city-states like Venice, Milan, and Genoa grew wealthy because they had access to the seas and the Middle Eastern trade routes
 Genoa and Venice made faster ships by using the innovations of the Middle East. It allowed them to ship more goods better economy
 During the Late 1200s, Florence’s merchants and bankers controlled European banks
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“On The Family”-Leon Battista Alberti
 Humanist writers
 Baldassare Castiglione is the 1st humanist writer 1528—Wrote “The Courtier”= Renaissance man 101
 1500s-1600s: The treatise influences social life in Europe
 Pico Della Mirandola (1463-1494) wrote “Dignity of Man” in 1486 Humans are half-holy beings that are able to do the impossible because we are like God
 Dante Alighieri wrote, “Divine Comedy” in 1321. The “Divine Comedy” is an allegorical trilogy about a trip through hell, purgatory, and paradise.
Political Thought
 Niccolò Machiavelli, the father of political science, wrote a popular treatise called “The Prince” (1513)
 Niccolò‘s tips for leaders on how to gain, maintain, and increase political power:
 Leaders must manipulate their people
 A leader has to be cunning and fierce
 Respectable rulers should be fear rather than loved if they can’t be both
 A ruler should be concerned with the way things are, not how they should be
 Rulers and political actions shouldn’t be restricted by morals
 “The end justifies the means”
 Machiavelli’s 2 major points:
 Humans will never be able to set up a government that will always do what’s
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 Utopia=nowhere
 More talked about the ideal socialist community and he tried to prove greed was the root of societal problems
 Desiderius Erasmus
 He wrote “The education of a Christian Prince” (1504) and “The Praise of Folly”(1509)
• Taught the importance of having a well educated society
• Believed Christianity is all about Jesus Christ and what He says
• Makes fun of the Catholic Church in “Praise of Folly”.
• His thoughts contributed to the religious reform
Printed Word
 Johan Gutenberg developed a rearrangeable metal type method in Germany
 The idea improved upon the Chinese method of block printing
 The block method could only be used couple of times which was very inefficient and time-consuming
 Ideas and propaganda started to get passed around faster by printing rather than hand-copying
 Literacy increased because reading became an individual activity
 A Block-book was a book made completely from block carvings of the pages
 Types were molds of symbols and letters
 The 5 steps of the printing process:
 1) Setup the types in rows
 2) Proofread a copy
 3) Apply ink
 4) Put it through the press
 5) Set pages out to dry
 By 1480, 110 cities in Europe had printing

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