Religon in Pompeii and Herculaneum Essay

1132 Words Jan 29th, 2013 5 Pages
Jessica Bush

“The study of Pompeii and Herculaneum provides us with a wealth of sources – However we are faced with issues regarding their limitations, reliability and evaluation.”
This report will assess the truth of the above statement referring to religious practices in Pompeii and Herculeuim such as local, state, household and foreign religion.
Though the abundance of sources in Pompeii and Herculaneum archaeologists and researchers can gather and evaluate the importance of religion in these two regions, however there may be issues with reliability.
Both the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum were influenced by foreign customs and religions, due to links with other cities through commerce and
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There is evidence of Judaism being practiced in these towns this is evident through frescos and graffiti the name David was found in Herculaneum as well as the name Mary in Pompeii both these names are of Jewish Origin and suggests this religion was practiced in these cities however research shows that these names could just refer to tradesmen rather than a resident in Pompeii or Herculaneum.

There has been speculation of the practice of Christianity in these cities though there is no conclusive evidence, In Herculaneum on a buildings wall a mark on a wall was found of what could be a cross this is the main source of speculation, however the cross was not used as a symbol of faith until after the 5th century AD.
Other temples have been found in Pompeii and Herculaneum such as the temples of Jupiter, Minerva and Juno these temples give great insight into foreign based religion and it’s influence based on evidence and the study of primary and secondary written sources though through a lack of sources and limitations there is still a lot to be learnt about foreign based cults in Pompeii and Herculaneum.
State religion in Pompeii and Herculaneum is evident and can be closely linked with foreign religion and influence, many of the deities were grouped based on place of origin this system had begun during the settlement of the

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