Impact of dispossession is enormous and overwhelmingly detrimental
The impact of dispossession for Aboriginal people has been enormous and overwhelmingly detrimental. Broadly speaking, the history of dispossession can be divided into three key stages. Firstly, the colonial period of non-recognition, which were marked by the introduction of terminal European diseases, shootings, massacres and poisonings.
This was then secondly followed by the Paternalistic policy of protection, which began in the mid 1880s. This was followed by the equally detrimental Policy of assimilation, which began in the mid-twentieth century. As a part of and spanning across the official Government …show more content…
Dispossession began with European settlement in Australia. Within the first thirty to forty years of European settlement, the settlers wanted to remove the Aboriginals so that the land could be used for agriculture. European diseases to which Aboriginals had no immunity, wiped out large numbers of their community. However, some European settlers believed that the complete eradication of the Aboriginal people by natural selection was only a matter of time, because they considered Aboriginal people to be sub-human, barely above the chimpanzees on Darwin's scale of evolutionary development. This mentality justified the small-scale violence that rippled across the Australian frontier, as Australia's colonial history was marked with a series of massacres, poisonings, starvation and shootings.
It was not until the mid 1880s, however that the process of dispossession began to be organised on a large scale, as the Government brought in the paternalistic policy of protection. This policy reflects a change in the attitude of European settlers towards the Aboriginal people, as the push to "civilise" the Aboriginal people led to a reversal of the old policy of non-recognition.
The stated aim of the protection policies was to remove Aboriginal people from unsuitable environments and place them in the protection of the state by detaining