Essay On Ancient Egyptian Religion
The mythology described the process the soul went through when transferring from the living to the dead. When the person had died their 3 souls the ka ( the body and the living form of the body), the ba (the spiritual entity) and the akh (the transfixed spirit which survived death and mingled with the ‘gods’) were required to join up ready for the final judgement in the underworld which can be divided into 2 steps. Firstly, they stood before 42 devine judges and pleaded their innocence by the book of dead. Secondly, their heart was weighed against a feather and if it was heavier they were deemed a sinner and shunned from the underworld to have their soul devoured. On earth the Egyptian’s enforced certain measures to ensure the journey to the underworld would be safe and successful. These measures included: the process of mummification and the book of dead.
Mummification was the process of embalming the dead body and preserving the body in order to protect the (ka). Practically, the vital organs were removed and placed in 4 canopic jars that had a different head as a seal on each jar, the heads represented the four protective spirits. The body was then stuffed with salt and linen to dry out before being wrapped in cloth. The ka was essential to be protected as it kept the body in tact for the