Essay On Ancient Egyptian Religion

1482 Words 6 Pages
The Ancient Egyptian society’s beliefs based their religion on polytheism which is defined as multiple ‘gods’ which were each in charge of an area of their lives. There were up to 2,000 ‘gods and goddesses’ which controlled every aspect of the Egyptians lives. As a result the beliefs and religion belonging to the society affected the Egyptians to a vast extent. This can be observed through the values of : everyday life - , the judicial system - which was founded on religion and monitored by the religious leaders, the afterlife - to be believed that your body needed to be prepared for the afterlife and your honourable works on earth was judged by Osiris and the approach to the status of animals - for example cats were believed to be an earthly …show more content…
The mythology described the process the soul went through when transferring from the living to the dead. When the person had died their 3 souls the ka ( the body and the living form of the body), the ba (the spiritual entity) and the akh (the transfixed spirit which survived death and mingled with the ‘gods’) were required to join up ready for the final judgement in the underworld which can be divided into 2 steps. Firstly, they stood before 42 devine judges and pleaded their innocence by the book of dead. Secondly, their heart was weighed against a feather and if it was heavier they were deemed a sinner and shunned from the underworld to have their soul devoured. On earth the Egyptian’s enforced certain measures to ensure the journey to the underworld would be safe and successful. These measures included: the process of mummification and the book of dead.
Mummification was the process of embalming the dead body and preserving the body in order to protect the (ka). Practically, the vital organs were removed and placed in 4 canopic jars that had a different head as a seal on each jar, the heads represented the four protective spirits. The body was then stuffed with salt and linen to dry out before being wrapped in cloth. The ka was essential to be protected as it kept the body in tact for the

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