Religion and Bioethics: Physician Assisted Suicide, a Religious Perspective
In order to fully understand the “euthanasia debate,” it is crucial to look at our two main theoretical camps: deontological or “Kantian” ethics, and teleological or “utilitarian” …show more content…
Another important thing to remember when evaluating deontological ethics is that followers of this rationale believe that we must act out of duty, and also in accordance with duty. This means that: not only should one perform actions because it is their duty according to moral law, they should perform those actions without acting out of inclination (hoping to gain something out of the action in question.) This again supports deontological theories’ prime assertion that motives are the only aspect which is important for moral action.
The significance placed upon motives by Kant is the root of most differences between his theory and teleological theories – which instead maintain that the morality of an action depends solely on that action’s consequences. Those in concurrence with these Utilitarian perspectives would firmly proclaim that in any situation, the