Relationship Between Religion And Science

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Debates between religion and science have been ongoing ever since both disciplines have co-existed in society. Can one accept scientific understandings of the world and still preserve their faith in a higher being? In order to analyze the compatibility of religion and science we should define each discipline. In this essay, science is knowledge of the natural world based on facts learned through empirical evidence, theories and data, while religion is the belief in a higher being without need of proof. I will only focus on one aspect of religion which is the belief in a higher being and not the specific elements of respective religions such as the Bible. Religion and science serve different purposes; religion is used to answer spiritual questions while science is
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Therefore, religion and science can exist together without conflict if it serves the correct purpose.
The compatibility of religion and science has been an ongoing discourse for as long as methodologies of science has been introduced in human civilization, as discussed by David Hume in “Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion”. Hume explores whether existence of a divine being should be through rational experience or religious philosophy. He attempts to reconcile the conflict of scientific methodology to religious philosophy which is relevant to the coexistence of faith and science. He presents three characters to create a dialogue concerning natural religion. All three characters believe in God. However, they have different views on natural sciences and its relationship with religion. Philo has a pessimistic view on natural science and demonstrates skepticism, an attitude of doubting the truth. He argues that certain knowledge is impossible and finds science inexplicable and contradictory but is mostly against superstition. Meanwhile, Demea comments that students require knowledge on sciences first and theology last in order to expose the mind to the “ridiculous

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