Relationship Between Maternal Alcohol Consumption And Adverse Birth Results

754 Words Apr 15th, 2016 4 Pages
The purpose of this paper is to explore the correlation between negative birth outcomes, such as preterm pregnancies and infants being born with low birth weights, and the consumption of alcohol before and throughout the entire pregnancy. This paper will start out by inspecting the way past writers have discussed and tested the relationship between maternal alcohol consumption and adverse birth results. It will then go on to compare the information depicted in our textbooks and Nykjaer et al’s (2013) article on Maternal Alcohol Intake Prior to and During Pregnancy and Risk of Adverse Birth Outcomes. Lastly, it will recap science’s current knowledge of how alcohol consumption during pregnancy affects birth outcomes and suggest ways to further study the topic. Teratogens are agents and conditions, such as alcohol, nicotine, and other drugs and chemicals, that can impair prenatal development, which can cause birth defects and sometimes even death.(Berger, 2012) Because alcohol has been a confirmed teratogen since the late 1970’s, it is known that excessive amounts are harmful to the fetus.(Nykjaer et al, 2013) The study being discussed in this paper provides evidence about the birth defects such as SGA(small for gestational age) and preterm births caused by mother’s consuming smaller amounts of alcohol. There was a cohort in Leeds, UK that used 1,303 pregnant women between the ages of eighteen and forty-five. Near the end of the cohort, five women were excluded due to…

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