Relationship Between Government And Federal Government

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The relationships between the federal government and states have been approached in the constitutional debates among the founding fathers and throughout American history. Interpreting these relationships in various constitutional debates, the decision of either the federal government or states of having power over has led to new policies, revisions to old policies or even repealed some policies as a whole. By understanding the relationships, both federal, states, and local governments can…
In America’s “first” constitution, the Articles of Confederations, served as the original framework for the U.S. government during the Revolutionary War. Under the Articles of Confederations, Congress was a single house containing two to seven members from
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At the very start of the convention, Governor Edmund Randolph or Virginia proposed the Virginia plan. It calls for the legislative to be divided in two houses; a lower house elected by state population and a higher house elected by the lower house. Along with the plan, a form of parliamentary government would be implied, which will grant congress broad powers over state legislatives, to elect presidents and federal judges, and have a “counsel of revisions” that can veto acts of congress.
Delegates from Delaware and New Jersey opposed the plan because it closed out on representation from smaller states due to the plan favoring states with higher populations. So, they proposed the New Jersey plan. Which similar to the Articles of Confederations, the legislative would have one house of equal representation with one member from each state. In addition of having powers over levy taxes and regulate interstate commerce and separate the executive and judicial branches, unlike in the Articles. Finally, it included a “National Supremacy Clause” illustrating that the constitution and federal laws would supersede state’s constitution and
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Known as the Great Compromise, his proposition combines both the Virginia and New Jersey plans. First, the legislative was divided into two houses; the upper house, the senate, would have two members from each state and elected by state legislative. In the lower body, the House of Representatives, the members would be based off of state population and elected directly by the people. In order of any federal law to be passed, both the senate and representatives must both approve it. Also, the legislative is entitled to broad powers including the power to tax and regulate interstate commerce. In the executive branch, the president is ultimately elected by the Electoral College with public support from the people and national judicially judges are appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate. It also includes the “National Supremacy Clause” from the New Jersey Plan in Article IV of the constitution. The Great Compromise was approved in July

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