Relationship Between Argyle And Henderson Essay
Friendships can be quite satisfying, but are also be a source of contention. Argyle and Henderson (1984) found that friendship is reward-based and rules of engagement are needed to keep the conflicts to a minimum (p. 213). According to exchange theory, a person will not continue to be involved in a relationship if the costs outweigh the rewards. Common benefits of friendships include social interaction and having someone that provides caring, support, or assistance in varying situations (Arglye & Henderson, 1984, p. 214). Females between the ages of eighteen to twenty-five tend to spend all of their spare time together and as a result they experience friendships that are intense and involved and they oftentimes perceive slights more acutely (Arglye & Henderson, 1984, p. 215). Although their study focused on early adulthood, Argyle and Henderson (1984) found six rules that are crucial to overall female friendships. The first is to stand up for the friend when she is not around. The second is to share special news with her, followed by being emotionally supportive. The next is to show trust and confidence in her, then to offer assistance when needed. The final rule is to attempt to make the friend happy when together (p. 231).
According to social identity theory, people have a need and are motivated to obtain and keep a positive self-image. This is often done by comparing one’s social group to other social groups and in…