Essay on Related Literatures

9021 Words Feb 4th, 2012 37 Pages
Asian Journal of Medical Sciences 1(3): 94-96, 2009
ISSN: 2040-8773
© Maxwell Scientific Organization, 2009

Submitted Date: August 14, 2009 Acceptance Date: September 02, 2009 Published Date: November 25, 2009

Corresponding Author: A. Abubakar, Department of Human Physiology Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Relation of Body Mass Index with Lipid Profile and Blood Pressure in Healthy
Female of Lower Socioeconomic Group, in Kaduna Northern Nigeria

1A. Abubakar, 1M.A. M abruok, 2A.B. Gerie, 3A.A. Dikko, 4S. Aliyu, 1T. Yusuf,
3R.A. Magaji, 1M.A. Kabir and 1U.W. Adama
1Department of Human Physiology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
2Department of Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Teaching Hospital Shika,
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There were significant differences in mean serum HDL-C, triglycerides, systolic and diastolic blood pressure among three BMI groups (P<0.05) but none in mean serum cholesterol and LDL-C. No significant correlation was found between any of the lipid profile variables and blood pressure variables with BMI. The importance of this finding is to enable “care-givers” in hypertension pay more attention to the control of obesity so that several complications associated with it might be prevented.

Key words: Hypertension, body mass index and cholesterol


Blood cholesterol, Obesity and high Blood pressure have been identified as risk factors in developing hypertension Jones et al. (1992) People with Obesity and high blood pressure are also more likely to have lipid abnormality than those with normal blood pressure Wannarinthee et al. (1998). Furthermore blood pressure is strongly related to body weight and control of obesity is a critical component of prevention and control of hypertension Kummayinka (1997). Clinical trials have also suggested a reduction in the incidence of Ischemic heart disease by lowering serum cholesterol levels.

Hypertension is now a global epidemic affecting 1.5 billion people world wide and claiming about 7 million lives every year. In Nigeria 30 million people suffer from this conditions which is the main risk factor for stroke, and renal failure. In Nigeria, as well as in many other

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